Karnataka 2nd PUC Business Studies Notes Chapter 6 Staffing
→ Meaning: Staffing is the process through which competent employees are selected, trained, developed, rewarded and integrated tow ards the achievement of business goals.
→ Definition: According to Theo Haimann “Staffing is a function which is concerned with the placement, growth & development of all those members of the organization, whose function is to get the things done through others.
- Right people for right jobs
- effective use of resources
- Increase productivity & profitability
- Job satisfaction.
→ Staffing process:
- Man Power planning
- Placement Sc Orientation
- Training & Development
- Performance appraisal
- Promotion & carrier planning
→ Man Power Planning: It refers to the process of estimating the man power requirement of an organization.
→ Recruitment: Recruitment is the process of searching candidates for employment.
→ Sources of recruitment: Internal Source & External Source.
→ Internal Sources: Promotions & Transfer.
→ Promotions: It is upward movement of an employee from one job to the higher one within the organization. It Increases salary, status & responsibilities.
→ Transfer: It means lateral movement of employee in the same grade from one job to another without any changes in his status.
→ External Sources: Direct Recruitment, Casual callers, Advertisement, Employment Exchange, Placement Agencies, & Campus recruitment.
→ Direct recruitment: It refers to the recruitment in which application for vacancies are presented on bulletin board outside the factory or at the gate.
→ Casual Callers: They are also called as unsolicited application. Here many qualified persons apply for employment to the reputed companies on their own initiative.
→ Advertisement: Employment advertisement refers to the details about the company, job specification given in the news paper, journals, bulletins etc. which brings response from the suitable candidates.
→ Employment Exchange: Those who are in search of employment get themselves registered with the government agencies which help them in finding jobs are called employment exchanges.
→ Placement agencies: In urban area a number of private organizations have started functioning as employment exchanges. These agencies are called as placement agencies.
→ Campus recruitment: Selection of suitable candidates from the universities, Colleges and institutes are popularly known campus recruitment.
→ Selection Process: It is procedure of matching organizational requirement with the skills & qualification of the people.
→ Steps in Selection Process: Preliminary screening, Selection Tests, Interview, Reference & Background checks, Selection & Decisions, Medical Examination, Job Offer & Contract of employment.
→ Placement: It means assigning jobs to the selected candidates.
→ Orientation: It means introducing the selected employee to the other employees and familiarizing him with the rules & regulation of the organization
→ Training: Training is the organized procedure in which people learn knowledge & skill for definite purpose.
→ Development: It refers to the process of not only building up the skills and abilities for a specific purpose to undertake more difficult & challenging tasks.
→ Importance of training: The theoretical knowledge can be gained in educational institutions, but for the practical knowledge training is required. Training is necessary to make workers alert & Active.
→ Methods of training: On Job Training & Off Job Training.
→ Types of On Job Training: Apprenticeship, Coaching, Internship Training, Job Rotation.
→ Apprenticeship: It is the formalized method of training with on job work under supervision. Coaching: In this method the trainee is placed under a particular supervisor who functions as a coach in training the employee.
→ Internship Training: It is system of on the job training that allows learner to gauge their interested in their chosen professional area.
→ Job Rotation: It is method of training which serves the purpose of employees development through the provision of diversified training.
→ Types of Off job Training: Class room lecture, Case Study, Vestibule Training, Computer Modeling.
→ Class Room Lecture: Under this method trainees are called to the room like that of class to give training in the form of lecture.
→ Case study: It is written description of an actual situation in the past in the same organization. Trainees are supported to analyze and give their conclusion.
→ Vestibule training: This method of training is used mostly to train technical staff and office employees who deals with the tools, equipments and machines.
→ Computer Modeling: It is the technique of representing the real world by a computer program or software.
→ Performance appraisal: It is the systematic evolution of the individual with respect to his performance on the job.
→ Compensation: The wages or salary which a worker gets for his service is also called as compensation.