Indian Industries Class 10 Questions and Answers KSEEB 10th Social Science
I. Fill in the blanks appropriate answers
JIndal Vijayanagar Steel Ltd is located in ______________ state.
Bauxite is the main raw material for ______________ industry.
The Paper industry is ______________ based industry.
The first modern paper mill was set up in 1932 at ______________
Serampur, West Bengal
II. Answer the following questions after discussing them in groups.
What is meant by manufacturing industries? Mention their factor of location.
The conversion of raw materials into usable products is known as “manufacturing industries.
The localization and growth of industries are influenced by many factors. The most important factors affecting the localization of industries are:
- supply of raw materials,
- supply of power,
- transport and communication facilities,
- market facilities,
- labour and water supply,
- ideal climate and
- Government policies.
List out the major Industrial Regions in India?
In India there are 8 major industrial regions. They are
- The Hooghly Kolkata region,
- The Mumbai – Pune region
- The Ahmedabad – Vandodara region
- The Madurai – Coimbatore region
- The Delhi Meerut region,
- Visakhapatnam – Guntur region and
- The Kolkata – Thiruvananthapuram region.
Give an account of Aluminium industry in India?
The location of aluminium industry is mainly governed by
- the availability of bauxite, which is the main raw material
- supply of hydro electric power
- wide market and capital
The aluminium industry is the second important metal based industry in India. It was started in 1942 at Jayakayanagar in West Bengal. Now there are mine major aluminium plants in the country. They are at Jayakayanagar in West Bengal, Alumpuram in Kerala, Mettur in Tamil Nadu, Belagavi in Karnataka, Hirkud and Damanjodi in Odisha, Renukoot in Uttar Pradsh, Koraba in Chhattisgarh and Rathnagiri in Maharashtra.
India has the eleventh place in the world for the production of aluminium product. India important aluminium to meet its local demands.
Describe the distribution of Cotton textile industry in India?
Cotton textile industry is widely distributed over more than 76 towns and cities of India. However it is concentrated mainly in the cotton growing states, i.e. Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana. Maharashtra and Gujarat are the leading manufacturers of cotton textiles. Mumbai is the most popular centre for cotton textile industry. It is known as “Cottonopolis of India” and ‘Manchester of India’.
Write the importance of Knowledge -based industry in India?
The development of knowledge based industry has become a powerful tool of socio-economic change. India has the potential to become a leading knowledge’ based industry with its young population and growing information technology. So, at present it is very rapidly developing industry in the country.
‘Information Technology (IT) is a key knowledge based industry. Its main components are software and hardware. The software is supported by both state and central Government of India. To encouraging the industry many software technology parks (STP) were established (1995) in different parts of the country.
However the industry is mainly developed in southern states such as Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Telagana. Karnataka has achieved a great name in software industry. Several Information Technology Institutions have been established and concentrated in Bengaluru, Mumbai, Pune, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Delhi and Noida.
Bengaluru is the most important centre for Indian software Industry and it is called “Silicon valley of India”. Mysuru, Mangaluru, Udupi and Hubballi are other centres for software in Karnataka. Side by side hardware industry has also developed. Software has become an important item of export in India and earn a large amount of foreign exchange for the country.
III. Match the following :
|1. Bengaluru||a. VISL|
|2. Mumbai||b. Cottonpolis of India|
|3. Bhadravathi||c. Aluminium industry|
|4. Renukoot||d. Silion Valley of India|
1. – d,
2. – b,
3. – a,
4. – c
Additional Questions and Answers
Ancient Indians knew the art of smelting Iron ore. Justify.
The best example of ancient Indians knew the art of Iron are smelting is the Iron pillar of Mcharuli in Delhi.
Which modern Indian personality is credited to be the ‘Father of Iron and Steel Industry’.
List the factors of the location of Iron and Steel industries?
The factors of location of Iron and Steel industry are
- supply of basic raw material of iron ore,
- Coking coal as a main source of power and hydel power,
- Railway transport and port facilities,
- Plenty of water supply,
- Cheap labour,
- Capital and local market.
Name five public sector Iron and Steel industries of India.
- Indian Iron and Steel Co. (IISCO) at Burnpur in West Bengal,
- Vishweshwaraiah Iron and Steel Ltd., (VISL) at Bhadravathi in Karnataka.
- Hindustan Steel Ltd., at Bhilai, Durg district in Chhattisgarh
- Hindustan Steel Ltd., at Rourkela, Sundargarh district in Odisha.
- Hindustan Steel Ltd., at Durgapur in West Bengal.
State the distribution of Aluminium industry in India.
The aluminium industry is the second important metal based industry in India. It was started in 1942 at Jayakaynagar in West Bengal. Now there are nine major aluminium plants in the country. They are at Jayakayanagar in West Bengal, Alumpuram in Kerala, Mettur in Tamil Nadu, Belagavi in Karnataka, Hirkud and Damanjodi in Odisha, Renukoot in Uttar Pradesh, Koraba in Chattisgarh and Ratnagiri in Maharashtra.
Give the importance of Cotton Textile Industry in India.
Cotton textile is the biggest and the most important branch of textile industry in India. It is the most important agro – based industry. Cotton cloth making was known to the Indians since a long time. But it was confined to handlooms. The first modern cotton textile industry was started in 1854 when a cotton mill was setup at Mumbai.
After that the industry made rapid progress and more mills were established. Now India ranks second in the world in respect of cotton fabrics production, next to the china. Also India is the second largest exporter of cotton textiles.
The location of cotton textile industry is governed by the supply of raw cotton, power, vast market, capital, skilled labour and humid climate.
Multiple Choice Questions and Answers
Bengaluru is known as the
(a) Rice bowl of India
(b) Silicon valley of India
(c) Cotton polls of India
(d) Sugar bowl of India
(b) Silicon valley of India
The Government of India established to encourage knowledge based industries.
(b) Cotton industry,
(c) Paper industry,
(d) Aluminium industry
Mumbai is known for its ____________ industries
(a) IT industries
(b) Steel industries
(c) cotton industries
(d) aluminium industries
(c) cotton industries
Vishweswariah Iron and Steel industry-led (VISL) is located at
(a) Torangallu, Ballari District
(b) Bhadravathi, Karnataka
(c) Jalem, Tamilnadu
(d) Vishakapatnam, Andra Pradesh
(b) Bhadravathi, Karnataka.
The art of making paper was introduced in India in the – cen¬tury.
(a) 8th C
(b) 9th C
(c) 10th C
(d) 11th C
(c) 10th C