Indian Land Resources 10th Notes KSEEB Social Science

→ The distribution of land for different uses such as forestry, cultivation, pastures etc. is called “Land use’ or “Land utilization”.

→ Land utilization is determined by factors, such as, relief, climate, soil population density, socio-economic and technical factors.

→ The pattern of Land utilization can be classified into seven categories –

  1. Net area sown
  2. Forest area
  3. Land not available for cultivation
  4. Fallow land.
  5. Cultivable waste Land
  6. Permanent pastures and other grazing land
  7. Land under miscellaneous uses.

→ Tilling of soil for growing food crops and raw materials needed by human beings is called Agriculture.

Indian Land Resources Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ According the geographical and Socio-Economic factors, the various types of farming practiced in India are

  • Subsistence Farming
  • Intensive Farming
  • Commercial Farming
  • Mixed Farming
  • Plantation Farming
  • Dry farming
  • Humid Farming
  • Irrigation Farming

→ In India there are three cropping seasons :

  1. The Kharif
  2. The Rabi and
  3. Zaid

→ The crops grown during the rainy seasons (June-July) called Kharif crops. Eg : Rice, Ragi, Groundnuts etc.

→ The crops grown during. North¬East, Monsoon (October- November)is called Rabi crops season.

→ The crops grown in between the Kharif and Rabi crops are called Zaid crops.

→ The cropping pattern of a region refers to the proportion of an area under different crops at a given time.

→ The crops grown in India can be classified as

  • Food Crops.
  • Commercial Crops
  • Oil seeds
  • Plantation Crops.

Indian Land Resources Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ The Shifting farming is called ‘Jhuming’ in Assam, ‘Ponam’ in Kerala and ‘Podu’ in Andhra and Orissa.

→ The Scientific name of sugarcane is ‘Saccharum Officinarum’ of the family ‘Gramincae’

→ The scientific name of Tobacco is ‘Nicotiana tobacum of the family of ‘Solariaceae’ a native of Andes Mountain of South Amercia.

→ The scientific name of Tea plant is ‘Cameslia Thea” Tea contains ‘Theine’

→ The intensive cultivation of fruit, vegetables, flower, medical and aromatic plants is called Horticulture.

→ The Cultivation of flowers for commercial purpose if called Floriculture.

→ SEDENTARY: idle, inactive, sluggish

→ BEVERAGE: Stimulating drink

→ AROMATIC: Having a pleasant, distinctive smell

→ INCENTIVE: A thing that motivates or encourages someone to do something.

→ HORTICULTURE: A term derived from the Latin words ‘Hortus’ meaning ‘garden’ and ‘colere’ meaning to ‘cultivate’

→ GOLDEN REVOLUTION: The term ‘Golden revolution’ is used for the progress of the horticultural field.

KSEEB 10th Social Science Notes

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