Indian Land Resources 10th Notes KSEEB Social Science
→ The distribution of land for different uses such as forestry, cultivation, pastures etc. is called “Land use’ or “Land utilization”.
→ Land utilization is determined by factors, such as, relief, climate, soil population density, socio-economic and technical factors.
→ The pattern of Land utilization can be classified into seven categories –
- Net area sown
- Forest area
- Land not available for cultivation
- Fallow land.
- Cultivable waste Land
- Permanent pastures and other grazing land
- Land under miscellaneous uses.
→ Tilling of soil for growing food crops and raw materials needed by human beings is called Agriculture.
→ According the geographical and Socio-Economic factors, the various types of farming practiced in India are
- Subsistence Farming
- Intensive Farming
- Commercial Farming
- Mixed Farming
- Plantation Farming
- Dry farming
- Humid Farming
- Irrigation Farming
→ In India there are three cropping seasons :
- The Kharif
- The Rabi and
→ The crops grown during the rainy seasons (June-July) called Kharif crops. Eg : Rice, Ragi, Groundnuts etc.
→ The crops grown during. North¬East, Monsoon (October- November)is called Rabi crops season.
→ The crops grown in between the Kharif and Rabi crops are called Zaid crops.
→ The cropping pattern of a region refers to the proportion of an area under different crops at a given time.
→ The crops grown in India can be classified as
- Food Crops.
- Commercial Crops
- Oil seeds
- Plantation Crops.
→ The Shifting farming is called ‘Jhuming’ in Assam, ‘Ponam’ in Kerala and ‘Podu’ in Andhra and Orissa.
→ The Scientific name of sugarcane is ‘Saccharum Officinarum’ of the family ‘Gramincae’
→ The scientific name of Tobacco is ‘Nicotiana tobacum of the family of ‘Solariaceae’ a native of Andes Mountain of South Amercia.
→ The scientific name of Tea plant is ‘Cameslia Thea” Tea contains ‘Theine’
→ The intensive cultivation of fruit, vegetables, flower, medical and aromatic plants is called Horticulture.
→ The Cultivation of flowers for commercial purpose if called Floriculture.
→ SEDENTARY: idle, inactive, sluggish
→ BEVERAGE: Stimulating drink
→ AROMATIC: Having a pleasant, distinctive smell
→ INCENTIVE: A thing that motivates or encourages someone to do something.
→ HORTICULTURE: A term derived from the Latin words ‘Hortus’ meaning ‘garden’ and ‘colere’ meaning to ‘cultivate’
→ GOLDEN REVOLUTION: The term ‘Golden revolution’ is used for the progress of the horticultural field.