Indian Population 10th Notes KSEEB Social Science

→ The total number of people living in a particular area is called ‘population’.

→ The total population of India in 2011 was 121.01 crores.

→ The causes for growth of population is

  • High birth rate
  • Low Death Rate.

Indian Population Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ Unemployment, Food shortage, Malnutrition, Low per capita income, slow economic development, poverty, etc are the main impacts of population growth.

→ Population growth can be controlled by Family planning.

→ Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India (19.95 crores)

→ Lakshadweep has the least population (641.429)

→ The number of people per sq km is called ‘Density’ of population.

→ The average density of population per square ion was 382 in 2011.

→ Bihar has the highest density of population 1102 people/per square km.

→ Andaman and Nicobar Islands have lowest population density (463 people/sq km)

→ India can be divided into three zones based on population density.

  1. Areas of High density
  2. Areas Medium density
  3. Area of low density

→ The Northern great plains and the western and eastern coastal plains have high density of population in India.

Indian Population Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ The factors affecting distribution of population are:

  • Physical features
  • Climate
  • Soils
  • Resources
  • Industries and Commerce

KSEEB 10th Social Science Notes

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