KSEEB 8th English Modern Machinery Poem Lesson Notes Summary Questions and Answers
I. a. Think of five activities you can do without the help of any kind of machines.
Reading, walking, swimming, jumping, talking etc,.
b. Think of five activities you do with the help of machines.
Typing, playing computer games, chatting on the internet, travelling by a vehicle, heating water with the help of heaters or geysers.
c. What are the damages we face when we don’t handle a machine properly?
Electric shock, fire, mental stress, financial loss.
II. Find out different kinds of experiences in the following activities:
a. Traveling in a car and a bullock cart.
Traveling in a car is comfortable and fast, while traveling in a bullock cart gives us not only a bumpy ride, but we are also covered with dust.
b. Calculating a sum mentally or by a calculator.
Calculator helps us to complete the sums faster, but mental maths is better, as it brushes up and boosts our brain power.
c. Drawing a picture by hand or using a paint brush in the computer.
Both are equally entertaining and hones our imaginative skills but in a computer you can draw, erase and make alterations easily.
Text Book Questions and Answers
A. Answer the following questions in a sentence or two each.
In the poem ‘we’ refers to the …………………
How are the machines made?
Machines are made from the ores that is taken from the ore-bed and the mines. They are melted, cast, wrought, hammered, cut, filed, tooled, gauged to refine it further. They are then made into different machines.
What do the machines ask for their survival?
Machines only want some water, coal and oil for their survival.
How long will the machines serve us?
The machines will’ serve us always; for twenty four hours a day.
Pick out the action words performed by the machines.
Pull, haul, push, lift, drive, print, plough, weave, heat, light, run, race, swim, fly, dive, see, hear, count, read and write are some of the action words by that are performed by the machines.
What is the Maw’ the machines have to abide by?
The law which the machines have to abide by is that they are not built to comprehend a lie, or have emotions like, love, pity or forgiveness.
What can the human beings do that machines cannot?
Human beings can love, feel pity for, forgive and even understand a lie, which the machines cannot do.
B. Answer the following questions in 4-5 sentences each.
‘The machines are merciless’, which lines suggest this?
The lines ‘We can neither love nor pity nor forgive’ and ‘If you make a slip in handling us you die!’ suggests that machines are merciless.
“We are nothing more than the children of your brain”. Why?
The word ‘Children of your brain’ refers to the ‘idea’ of creating the machine that took birth in the brain of man. It could also mean that if man with his intelligence hadn’t extracted the ore and hadn’t built the machine, it would not even exist in the world. They have been created to perform various tasks. Therefore, the machines hold a minor role and are not as important as the task they perform.
In this poem, the poet attributes one human quality to machines. What is it? Substantiate your answer.
The ability to perform various tasks is the human quality referred to here. It can perform all those tasks which a human can perform such as pulling, hauling, pushing, lifting, driving, printing, ploughing, weaving, heating, lighting, running, racing, swimming, flying, diving, seeing, hearing, counting, reading and writing.
II. Language Activity :
Find and list out the personified lines in other poems prescribed in your text. (They are mentioned under figures of speech under each poem).
Figures of speech of modern machinery:
Some water, coal and oil are all we ask. – Personification
And now if you will set us to our task. – Personification
We will serve you four and twenty hours a day. – Personification
We can pull and haul and push and lift and drive. – Personification
We can print and plough and weave and heat and light. – Personification
We can run and jump and swim and fly and dive. – Personification
We can see and hear and count and read and write. – Personification
We can neither love, nor pity nor forgive. – Personification
Though our smoke may hide the heavens from your eyes. – Personification
We are nothing more than children of your brain. – Personification
III. Listening Activity: Class activity
IV. Speaking Activity:
(i) Class activity,
(ii) Class activity,
(iii) Class activity.
V. Reading Activity:
Comprehend the story given below and answer the questions that follow:
Building your house:
‘An elderly carpenter was ready to retire. He told his employer- contractor of his plans to leave the house-building business in order to live a more leisurely life with his wife and enjoy his extended family. He would miss the pay cheque.
The contractor was sorry to see his good worker leave and asked if he could build just one more house as a personal favour. The carpenter said yes, but over time it was easy to see that his heart was not in his work. He resorted to shoddy workmanship and used inferior materials. It was an unfortunate way to end a ’ dedicated career.
When the carpenter finished his work, his employer came to inspect the house. Then he handed the front door key to the carpenter and said, “This is your house …………… my gift to you.”
How shocked the carpenter was! What a shame!
If he had only known he was building his own house, he would have done it all so differently.
Why did the carpenter want to retire?
The carpenter wanted to retire because he wanted to live a more leisurely life with his wife and enjoy with his extended family.
What would he miss after his retirement?
After his retirement, he would miss his pay cheque.
What did the contractor ask the carpenter as a personal favour?
As a personal favour, the contractor asked the carpenter if he could build just one more house.
How did the carpenter build the house?
The carpenter resorted to shoddy workmanship and used inferior materials.
If the carpenter had known it was his house, how would he have built it?
If the carpenter had known that the house was for him, he would have, carried out the task sincerely and honestly.
What is the lesson you learn from this small story?
Always be sincere in your work.
VI. Writing Activity: Class activity
VII. Read the following poem in comparison to the poem ‘Modern Machinery’ and take a note of the features of alliteration and personification.
Some of the Personifications in ‘Man Made Machine’ are
- I will do whatever I am told.
- I will be thrown away when I am old.
- My heart is now cold.
- I have no sense of right and wrong.
- I used to feel, I used to love.
- I used to possess a mind.
- And I do what I am told.
- Don’t try to fight me.
- Because I am the new trend.
Alliterations from the poem:
I’m the man made machine.
(b) Underline the alliteration in these sentences.
(a) Pretty Polly picked pears for preserves.
(b) Handsome Harry hired hundreds of hippos for Hanukkah.
(c) A happy home, a healthy family and hopeful future is what our heart hails
(d) Where wine, the wit may not oppress.
(e) Hail Holy Light, offspring of Heaven first born.
(f) O Holy Hope! and High Humility high as the heavens above.
Read the given poems and underline the alliterations in them:
Caring cats cascade off
Laughing lamas lounging
Underneath yelling yaks
Yelling at roaming rats.
Ripping like wind
Its restless rage
Rocks ripping through the air.
Laughing lions laugh
Like jumping jaguars
On top of talking trees
Talking trees start talking,
the joking jaguars
I feel a feel a funny feel, a funny feel I feel
If you feel the funny feel I feel,
Then I feel the funny feel you feel.
See II Language activity.
Additional Questions with Answers
I. Answer the following questions:
Mention the process of making a machine.
The ore is extracted from the earth. It is melted in the furnace and in the pit. It is then cast and wrought and hammered to design into the required machines.
II. Pick out the rhyming terms.
mine – design
ask – task
light – write
lie – die
again – brain
pit – fit
play – day
live – forgive
eyes – size
drive – dive
III. Figure of speech.
We will serve you four and twenty hours a day. – Personification
We are not built to comprehend a lie. – Personification
Fill in the blanks.
The poem Modem Machinery was written by Rudyard Kipling.
Modern Machinery Poem Summary in English
Modern machines are innumerable gadgets that make man’s life easy. This poem states the various tasks that machines can do and cannot do.
Machines were first deep inside the earth in the form of ores. They were extracted, melted, cast, wrought and hammered to design them into the various machines for various requirements. Only coal, water and oil are what are required for them to function. Once set to their task, they fulfill their duties twenty four hours a day.
They can perform innumerable tasks such as pulling, hauling, pushing, lifting, driving, printing, ploughing, weaving, heating, lighting, running, jumping, swimming, flying, diving, seeing, hearing, counting, reading and writing. But they cannot comprehend a lie, nor can they love, pity or forgive. If we do not use them carefully, we will face the consequences.
Their smoke sometimes hides the heavens only to clear up after some time. They are heavy, huge and powerful yet they are the child of the human brain This poem has personified machines to the fullest extent and has therefore added beauty to the poem.