Opposition to British Rule in Karnataka 10th Notes KSEEB Social Science

→ In Indian History, the 18th C is considered as “The Century of Political Problems”.

→ The Mughal Emperor, Auranzeb died in 1707.

→ The Mughals lost political control over south India

Opposition to British Rule in Karnataka Notes Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ The death of Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar in 1704 created political challenges in Mysore State

→ Hyder Ali, an ordinary soldier in the Mysore Army came into prominence during the siege of Devanahalli and military action against the Nizam of Arcot.

→ Hyder Ali was a shrewd political manipulator and soon became the Nawab.

→ The First Anglo-Mysore war took place between 1767 to 1769.

→ The First Anglo-Mysore war ended when the British entered an agreement with Hyder Ali by signing the ‘Madras treaty’ in 1769.

→ The Second Anglo- Mysore war took place between 1780 to 1784.

→ Tipu Sultan defeated the British in the second Anglo-Mysore war and the British agreed the Treaty, of Manglore’ in 1784.

→ Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan used rockets during war for the first time in India.

→ The Third Anglo-Mysore war 1792

→ The combined army of the British under Lord Cornwallis, Marathas and Nizam of Hyderabad captured the fort of Srirangapatanam in 1792.

→ Tipu Sultan signed the Treaty if Srirangapatna’ in 1792 to end the third Anglo-Mysore war.

→ Lord Wellesley became the Governor General of India in 1798

→ Tipu Sultan sent an ambassador to France to seek alliance of the French, which enraged the British.

→ The British tried to force Tipu Sultan into another treaty, Tipu rejected it.

→ The Fourth Anglo-Mysore war started in 1799.

→ Tippu Sultan died fighting the British in 1799.

→ The Mysore Princely state was created with the Mysore Wodeyars

Opposition to British Rule in Karnataka Notes Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ Dandiya Wagh (1800) was one of the brave revolutionaries of Karnataka.

→ Dandiya was nick named ‘WAGH’, the tiger, due to his bravery.

→ Dandiya was a military General in Hyder Ali’s army. Later he built his own private army and captured Bidanoor and Shivamogga forts.

→ The combined army of Lord Wellesley, Maratha and Nizam of Hyderabad surrounded Dondiya’s army near Yelaparavi and killed him at Kongal.

→ Kittur lies between Dharwad and Belagaum.

→ Chennamma was the queen of king Mallasaraja of Kittur.

→ After the death of Mallasaraja his son Shivalingarudra Saija ascended the throne of Kittur.

→ Due to the failing health of Shivalingarudra Sarja, Chennamma played an active role in the administration of Kittur.

→ During the Anglo-Maratha war Shivalingarudra Saija supported the British.

→ Shivalingarudra Sarja made an agreement with Thomas Munroe and paid tribute to the East India Company.

→ When Shivalingarudra Sarja passed away, Rani Chennamma adopted Shivalingappa and ruled Kittur as a queen regent

→ Thackeray reported the adoption to the Governor of Bombay and attempted to take over Kittur under the policy of ‘Doctrine of Lapse’.

→ Chennamma led her army against the forces of Thackery and he was shot dead (1824)

→ The British attacked Kittur under Colonel Deak and captured Rani Chennamma.

→ Rani Chennamma was imprisoned in Bylahongala fort and passed away in the prison

Opposition to British Rule in Karnataka Notes Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ Rayanna was born at Sangoli in 1829.

→ Rayanna was a first Nationalist and was inspired by the bravery Rani Chennamma.

→ Sangoli Rayanna organized an army of five hundred revolutionaries and looted the British treasury and taluk offices. 1829

→ The British, with the help of Amaldhar Krishnaraya captured Rayanna and lodge him in Dharwad prison and hanged him.

→ The British dethroned the king of Kodagu, Chikkaveerarajendra of Haleri dynasty in 1834.

→ Swami Aparampura, Kalyana Swami and Puttabasappa organized a rebellion opposing the imprisonment of king Chikkaveeraranjendra know as the ‘Rebellion of Amarn Sullya’ (1834 – 37)

→ Swami Aparampura and Kalyanaswami where captured by the British and Imprisoned 1837.

→ Puttabasappa presented himself as Kalyanaswami and took over the leadership of the Amara Sullya rebellion

→ Puttabasappa declared the tax on tobacco and salt will be withdrawn.

→ The British captured Puttabasappa and his followers and hanged him.

→ Raja Venkatappa Nayaka of Surapura (Yadgir) rose in rebellion against British during the Indian Revolution in 1857.(1857-58)

→ Raja Venkatappa Nayaka is considered the leader of 1857 revolution in Karnataka

→ Koppal was under the rule of Nizam of Hyderabad

→ Veerapa a Zamindar rebelled against the British exploiters

Opposition to British Rule in Karnataka Notes Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ The ‘Bedas’ of Hulagali rose in rebellion when the British banned firearms after the Revolution of 1857 (November 1857.)

→ CHIKKADEVARAJA WODER: Prince of Mysore state until his death in 1704

→ HYDERALI: Nawab of Mysore

→ DALAWAYEE: Commander-in-chief of the Mysore Army

→ PROMINENCE: Being important, famous or noticeable

→ SIDELINED: Placed in a less influential position.

→ KING KRISHNA RAJA WODEYAR: Krishna Raja Wodeyar II, king of Mysore (1734-1766) A puppet monarch under Hyder Ali.

→ NAWAB OF ARCOT: Mohammad Ali Khan Jha (1717-1795)

→ DEVISE: Plan IMPEDANCE: Resistance

→ TRI-PARTY ALLIANCE: An Alliance of British, Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad to defeat Hyder Ali.

→ MADRAS TREATY: A Peace agreement signed at Madras on 2nd April 1769 between the British (Lord Rerelst) of East India Company and Hyder Ali of Mysore. According to the treaty the British had to help Hyder Ali when attacked by neighbouring Kings.

→ TREATY OF MANGALORE: was signed between Tipu Sultan and the British East India Company on 11 March 1784 at Mangalore, Which ended the second Anglo – Mysore War.

→ TREATY OF SRIRANGAPATNA: (1792) was a treaty signed at Srirangapatna on 18 March 1792 between Lord Cornwallis of the East India Company and the representatives of the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Maratha Empire and Tipu Sultan of Mysore.

Opposition to British Rule in Karnataka Notes Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ Tipu had to pay 33 Lakh rupees as indemnity when he could not arrange the money he had surrender two of his three sons as hostages.

→ CAVALRY: Soldiers who fought wars on horse back

→ FEUDATORY: A Kingdom or state under the overlordship of another Sovereign or state.

→ COLLECTOR: Commissioner in charge of a territory

→ AMLDHAR: A governor of a province who collector revenues.

→ BALLADS: A poem or song narrating a story stanzas

→ AMARASULYA: The regions of Tulu speaking Dakshina Kannada

→ 18th Century: The century of Political Problems

→ 1704: Death of Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar

→ 1707: Death of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb

→ 1767-1769: First Anglo – Mysore war

→ 1769: Treaty of Madras

→ 1780-1784: Second Anglo-Mysore war

→ 1784: Treaty of Mangalore

→ 1792: Third Anglo-Mysore war

→ 1792: Treaty of Srirangapatna

→ 1799: a) Fourth Anglo- Mysore war
b) Death of Tipu Sultan

→ 1800: a) Rebellion by Dondiya Wagh in North Karnataka.
b) Rebellion by Kittur Rani Chennamma.

Opposition to British Rule in Karnataka Notes Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ 1829-30: Rebellion by Sangoli Rayanna

→ 1834: a) Swami Aparampura Leader of Amar Suliya Rebellion captured.
b) Birth of Raja Venkatappa Nayaka of Surapura

→ 1835-37: Kalyanaswami, a leader of Amar suliya Rebellion captured.

→ 1842: Appointment of Medes Taylor as the political agent of the British in Surapura

→ 1853: Raja Venkatappa Nayaka ascended the throne of Surapura

→ 1857-58: Rebellion of ‘Bedas of Halagali’ over Fire-arm ban by British

→ 1858: Annexation of Surapura by the British.

KSEEB 10th Social Science Notes

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