Post Independent India 10th Notes KSEEB Social Science

→ After the Independence of India, India had many problems on its hand. They were :

  • Partition of India and Pakistan had led to communal riots.
  • About 562 princely states had to be integrated into the Indian union.
  • The economy of India was in a pathetic state.
  • India had the challenge of creating its own constitution.
  • India had to establish a strong military force to protect itself.
  • India had to strengthen the social fabric and establish social equality and a foreign policy to make arrangements for loans.

→ The Communal violence in the aftermath of the partition of India helped India to adopt secular principles in the constitution.

Post Independent India Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ India supported the ‘Bengal Vimochana Movement’ to liberate – East Pakistan (Bangladesh) for its oppressive rule of West Pakistan.

→ During the Tibetan Crisis the Government of Karnataka gave 3000 acres of land to Tibetan refugees at Bylukuppe, in Mysore in the year 1960.

→ An Interim Government was formed after independence was declared on August 15, 1947.

→ The last governor general of India was Lord Mountbatten.

→ Babu Rajendra Prasad was the First President of India.

→ The words ‘Secular and Socialist’ were added to the Indian constitution by the 42nd amendment in 1976.

→ India adopted Parliamentary Democracy.

→ The Princely states of India were regarded through the ‘Instrument of Accession’.

→ The ‘Instrument of Accession’ offered revenue sharing based on the actual revenue of the state in the form of royalty

→ Royalty and status offered to the erstwhile Indian princes were withdrawn in 1971.

→ Sardar Vallababahi Patel ‘The Iron man of India’ was the first Home Minister of Independent India.

Post Independent India Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ Sardar Patel was instrumental in integrating princely states with Indian union.

→ The princely state of Junagadh was integrated into India in 1949.

→ The princely state of Hyderabad was integrated into India in 1948.

→ The accession of Jammu and Kashmir is still a matter of enmity between India and Pakistan.

→ Pondicherry became union territory in 1963.

→ Goa was liberated from the Portuguese rule in 1955.

→ Potti Sriramulu of Andhra Pradesh died after 54 days of hunger strike demanding Vishaladhra’ a language based state reorganization of Indian states.

→ The Reorganisation of State Commission was formed in 1953 and Fazal Ali was the president of the Commission.

→ The State Reorganisation Act was implemented’ and Indian formed 14 states and 6 union territories.

→ The Mysore state was formed on October 14th, 1947.

→ The ‘All Karnataka Rajya Nirmana Parishad’ demanded a integration of all Kannada speaking regions

→ ‘Karnataka’ state was formed in 1973.

→ At present there are 29 states and 7 union territories in India.

Post Independent India Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ MOULANA ADBUL KALAM AZAD: Was the Indian scholar and senior Muslim leader of I.N.C. and was the First Education Minister of Independent India. ‘Moulana’ means ‘Our Master.’

→ KHAN ABDUL GAFFAR KHAN: Was famously known as ‘Frontier Gandhi’ because of his association with Gandhiji and his non-violence principles. He was one of the opponents of division of India.

→ WEST PAKSITAN: During the partition of India, the regions of Pakistan included west Pakistan now Pakistan and East Pakistan now Bangladesh. Bangladesh became independent in 1956.

→ BENGAL VIMOCHANA MOVEMENT: The movement started in East Pakistan for freedom from West Pakistan

→ BYLUKUPPE: A village near Mysore, offered by the Karnataka Government for Tibetan refugees.

→ ACCESSION: Addition to existing region.

→ RAZACKS: The soldiers of the Nizam of Hyderabad Army.

→ KING HARI SINGH: The ruling Maharaja of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir.

→ UNION TERRITORY: Is an administrative division in Indian Republic ruled directly by the Union Government.

→ PAKISTAN OCCUPIED KASHMIR: The north east part of Kashmir still occupied by Pakistan.

→ 1947:

  • India became independent from British rule on 15th August 1947
  • King Harisingh of Kashmir agreed to join India in October 1947
  • Battle Truce between India and Pakistan on January 01, 1947

→ 1948: Hyderabad was integrated into the Indian Union

Post Independent India Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ 1949: Junagadh joined Indian Federation

→ 1950: Indian Constitution was adopted on January 26, 1958.

→ 1951: Sir Million refugees from West Pakistan arrive in India.

→ 1953:

  • Formation of Andhra Pradesh state
  • Formation of Reorganisation of State Commission

→ 1954: Integration of Pondicherry Karikal, Mahe and Chandranagar.

→ 1995: Liberation of Goa from the Portugal rule

→ 1956: Formation of Vishala Mysore State

→ 1960: Government of Karnataka sanctioned 3000 acres of land to Tibetan refugees at Bylukuppe near Mysore.

→ 1963: Pondicheery became an union territory.

→ 1970: Major famines in India. Major Economic crisis in India

→ 1971:

  • Royalities and status given to erstwhile Indian princes withdrawn.
  • East Pakistan (Bangladesh) refugees arrive in India.

→ 1973: Mysore state was named ‘Karnataka’

Post Independent India Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ 1987: Goa given statehood.

KSEEB 10th Social Science Notes

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