Era of Gandhi and National Movement 10th Notes KSEEB Social Science

→ The period between 1928 and 1947 is called the ‘Gandhian Era’.

→ Mohandas Karamachand Gandhi – (Bapu) was born on 2nd October, 1869 in Porbandar, Kathiawar district, Gujarath.

→ Gandhiji went to England in 1888 to study law.

Era of Gandhi and National Movement Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ While in South Africa, Gandhiji invented a new tool called ‘Sathyagraha’ to protest against the South African ‘Apartheid Policy’.

→ Gandhiji returned to India in 1915.

→ On the advice of ‘Gopala Krishan Gokale’ Gandhiji toured entire India in a third class railway
compartment to understand real India.

→ Gandhiji established ‘Sabarmathi Ashram’ at Ahmadabad in 1916.

→ Gandhiji launched the ‘Champaran Movement’ in support of Indigo’ growers and compelled the British to accept the farmer’s demands.

→ Gandhiji launched ‘The Mill Workers’ Movement in support of the Mill workers of Ahmadabad in 1916.

→ Gandhiji launched a protest movement in Medha village of Gujarath to oppose land taxes in 1918.

→ The Indian Freedom Struggles took the path of ‘Passive Resistance’, ‘Non-violence’ and ‘Sathyagraha’, after Gandhiji’s arrival in India.

→ Gandhiji expressed his thoughts and ideas in the periodicals ‘Harijan’ and ‘Young India.’

→ ‘Sathyagraha’was one of the major methods of protests of Gandhiji. Ahimsa was the basic task of Gandhijis struggle.

→ Gandhiji championed the Unity of Hindu’s and Muslims.

→ The ‘British implemented the Rowlatt Act in 1919.

Era of Gandhi and National Movement Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ The ‘Jallianwala Bagh Massacre’ happened on April 13, 1919.

→ The ‘Khilafat Movement’ was launched in 1919 to support the ‘Caliph’ of Turkey in 1919.

→ A special national convention was held in Calcutta on September 4th, 1920 aimed to passing the ‘Non Co-operation Movement’.

→ As a result the “Non Co-operation Movement’ became People’s Movement.

→ The ‘Chauri Chaura Incident’ occurred on February 5, 1922.

→ Gandhiji withdrew the ‘Non Co¬operation Movement’ on March 10, 1922 as a result of the violence and killings in the ‘Chauri Chaura’ incident.

→ Motilal Nehru, formed the ‘Swaraj Party’ in 1923.

→ The British Government appointed ‘Simon Commission’ in 1927, to study the effects of ‘Motagu- chelmsford Act’.

→ The ‘Simon Commission’ arrived in India on February 3, 1928.

→ Bundhs and Hartals were organised in protest against the ‘Simon Commission’ in Bombay, Lahore and Madras with Slogans ‘Simon go back’.

Era of Gandhi and National Movement Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ Laala Lajpath Roy died in the ‘Simon go back’ protest, when the protestors were lathicharged.

→ In the ‘Lahore Congress Convention’ under the Chairmanship of Jawaharlal Nehru, INC adopted a resolution demanding total independence or ‘Poorna Swaraj’ on January 26th, 1930.

→ The constitution of India was adopted on January 26, 1950, to mark the historical importance of the Lahore Session of Congress.

→ Gandhiji launched the ‘Dandi March’ on March 12, 1930 from Sabarmathi Ashram to Dandi, on the Gujrath Coast to protest against the British Salt tax.

→ The ‘National Movement Week’ was observed from April 6th to 13th 1930.

→ Mylara Mahadevappa, a young man of eighteen years from Karnataka participated in the ‘Dandi March’.

→ Karnataka congress also organised ‘Salt Movement’ at Ankola of Karawar district.

→ The ‘First Round Table Conference of Indian Legislative representatives’ was held in London in 1930.

→ The ‘Gandhi Irwin Pact’was signed in 1930 and Gandhiji stopped the ‘Civil Disobedient Movement’.

→ The ‘Second Round Table Conferene’was held in 1932 under the leadership of B.R.Ambedkar.

→ The British Government implemented the ‘Communal Award’in 1932, to provide separate electorate for untouchables.

→ Gandhiji started ‘Fasting upto Death’ opposing the ‘Communal Award’ in 1932.

→ The ‘Poona Pact’ stated that few constituencies were reserved for untouchables among general constituencies.

→ The Congress did not participate in the Third Round Table Conference opposing the formation of federal Government at the Center and States.

→ The British implemented the ‘Government of India Act’ 1935, which provided for Federal Government at the Center and regional autonomy at State level.

→ The ‘Straford Cripps Commission’ suggestions which proposed dominion states to India was opposed by the Congress.

→ The Congress called for ‘Quit India Movement’, in 1942 to protest the proposals of ‘Cripps Commission’.

→ In 1942 a village named ‘Essor’ to Shimoga district, Karnataka, changed the name to ‘Swathantra Halli’ meaning ‘Independent Village’. They started wearing ‘Gandhi Caps’.

Era of Gandhi and National Movement Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ The “Workers Revoit’ started in 1827.

→ Subhas Chandra Bose was the president of Haripur Convention of the Indian National Congress in 1935.

→ Rash Behari Bose started “Indian Independece League’ in Tokyo, Japan.

→ Subhash Chandra Bose started the “Indian National Army’.

→ ‘Political freedom without social freedom is Meaningless’ – Dr.B.R.Ambedkar

→ Dr.Ambedkar founded “BahiShkrat Hitakarini Sabha’ and ‘Swatantra Karmika Party’.

→ Dr.Ambedkar published periodicals “Prabudha Bharatha’, ‘Janatha’, ‘Mookanayaka’ and “Bahishkruth Bharatha’.

→ Dr.Ambedkar was the chairman of the ‘Drafting Commission’ of the Indian Constitution.

→ Pt.Nehru and Subhas Chandra Bose formed ‘Socialist Congress Party’in 1934.

→ Pt. Nehru was the President of 49th Session of Indian National Congress.

→ Muhammed Ali Jinnah was the private secretary of Dadabhai Navaroji.

→ The bill of Indian Independence was enacted on July 1947.

→ India and Pakistan were born on 15th August 1947.

→ Radeliff Brown Commission marked the boundaries between India and Pakistan.

→ Pt. Nehru became the first Prime minister of Independent India in 1947.

→ KILAFATH MOVEMENT: Muhammad Ali and Shankath Ali, two brothers, started the ‘Kilafath Movement’ to support the ‘Caliph’ of Turkey against British harassment.

→ ACT (1919) JALLIANWALA BAGH MASSACRE: (April 13, 1919)

→ CALIPH: The religions leader of Turkey.

→ SIMON COMMISSION: The British Government appointed ‘Simon Commission’ in 1927 to study the effects of Indian Government Act 1919 (Montagu- Cheimsford Act)

→ SIMON GO BACK : Protests with Slogans ‘Simon go back’ were organised in many places in India against the ‘Simon Commission.’ DANDI SALT SATHYAGRAHA: The protest March held under the leadership of Gandhiji from Sabaramathi Ashram to the coast of Gujarath – Dandhi, to protest against the salt tax imposed on Indians.

Era of Gandhi and National Movement Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ MAHAD MOVEMENT: A movement aimed at enabling the untouchables to use the water of the tank in the village of Mahad, Maharastra.

→ 1869: (2nd October) Birth of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

→ 1888: Gandhiji went to England for Law Education

→ 1906: Mohammad Ali Jinnah Joins INC.

→ 1916: Gandhiji established ‘Sabarmathi Ashram’ at Ahmadabad in 1916

→ 1917: Gandhiji launched ‘Champaran Movement’

→ 1918: Gandhiji started ‘Mill Workers’ Movement in Ahmedabad

→ 1919: a) 13th April): Jallianwallah Bagh Massacre
b) The ‘Khilafath Movement’ was started by Mohammada Ali and Shaukath Ali.

→ 1920: (14th September): The Special National convention of INC, at Calcutta, resolved to launch Non-co-operation Movement.

→ 1921: INC opposes the visit of ‘Prince of Wales’ to India.

→ 1922: A) (5th Feb), Chauri Chaura incident
B) Gandhiji Withdrew Non-Co¬operation Movement
C) The British arrest Gandhiji for the violence in Chauri Chaura incident and imprisons him for six years.

→ 1923: A) Formation of ‘Swaraj Parly’ by Mothilal Nehru and C.R. Das
B) National Convention of INC at Delhi

→ 1927: British appoint ‘Simon Commission’ to study the effect of India Government Act of 1919.

→ 1928: (3rd Feb): Simon Commission arrives in India, but greeted with Black flags and slogans ‘Simon Go Back’.

→ 1930: (A) (26th Jan) Pt. Nehru resolves to demand ‘Pooma Swaraj’ at the Lahore Congress Convention.
(B) (12th May): Gandhiji Starts ‘Civil Disobedience Movement’ and ‘Dandi March’
(C) First Round Table conference held in London.

Era of Gandhi and National Movement Class 10 Notes KSEEB 10th Social Science

→ 1932: British implement ‘Communal Award’. (Separate electoral Constituencies for Untouchables.

→ 1935: A) Pt. Nehru and Subash Bose founded Socialist Congress Party.
B) Third Round Table conference fails as congress refused to participate

KSEEB 10th Social Science Notes

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *