Global Problems and India’S Role Class 10 Questions and Answers KSEEB 10th Social Science
I. Fill in the blanks with appropriate answers
Human Rights day is celebrated on ____________
December 10th every year
India has been arguing in favour of human right since ____________
____________ fought against Apartheid in South Africa.
Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela
Human Rights involve ____________ equality also.
II. Discuss in groups and answer the following:
What were the major problems that emerged after World War II?
After the WW II problems such as human rights, arms race, economic inequality, apartheid and terrorism have emerged.
Explain the struggle lead by India for the implementation of Human Rights.
In the articles 12 to 35 of part III of the Indian Constitution, Fundamental Rights are discussed. Indian has been advocating for better human rights implementation in all its meetings of UNO.
India has established National Commission for Human Rights, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National commission for scheduled Tribes, National Women’s Commission, National Backward Classes Commission have been formed to monitor the implementation of human rights. At state level, similar State Commissions can be found in Karnataka.
Arms race leads to total destruction of the world. IN this background, what are the effects of Arms race?
The effects of arms race are insecurity, fear; instability and threat of war among the countries of the world. Nuclear weapons and bombs have become serious issue in the present world.
What are the features of economically backward countries?
- Features of economically backward countries.
- Low per capita income and widespread poverty.
- Shortage of capital
- Population explosion and high dependency.
- Massive unemployment
- Predominance of agriculture
- Unproductive investment
- Low levels of productivity
- Mass poverty
- Unexploited Natural Resources
- Shortage of Technology and Skills
- Lack of infrastructural development
- Lack of Industrialization
- Lack of Proper Market
- Mass illiteracy
- Poor Socio-Economic Condition
- Inefficient Administrative set-up
What are the measures taken up by India to eradicate economic inequality?
Government policy to reduce economic inequality:
- Land Reforms
- Explosions of public sector
- Encouraging small scale industry
- Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act
- Pricing Policies
Apartheid is against Humanism. How do you substantiate this statement?
Apartheid is a crime against humanity. It is legalized racial discrimination systematically used violence to impoverish Malnourish and in other ways violate the fundamental right of the overwhelming majority of South Africans because of their race.
Apartheid is a doctrine of White supremacy. The black Africans were not allowed the right to choose where they could live and even travel where they pleased. Blacks were not allowed to buy land outside of land reserved form them despite being indigenous people. Apartheid is an extreme form of violation of basic human rights and blatant disregard of international charter of human rights.
Additional Questions and Answers
Which is the only process to eliminate arms race?
What are the steps take in by the world powers to eliminate arms race:
After 1963, USA and USSR have entered into many bilateral agreements to stop the arms race. Partial Test Ban Treaty (PTBT) Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) are some of the agreement entered by both countries.
What is the role of India in developing economic equality among developing counties?
India has continued with its Non aligned Policy, India insisted that the developed countries should provide assistance to developing countries without any conditions.
Multiple Choice Questions and Answers
The American War of Independence occurred in
The UNO adopted the ‘Universal Declaration of Human Rights’
Who said ‘The World which has arms not only waste the money, it also wastes the sweat of labourers, intelligence of scientists and waste the dreams of children’
(a) President Abdul Kalam Azad
(b) President Mao-Tse-Tung
(c) President Edgar Hoover
(d) President Gorbechev
(c) President Edgar Hoover.
The UN ‘Conference on Human Violation’ was held in
The gradual elimination of certain arms in the world is termed as
(a) Arms race
(c) Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
(d) Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty