Opposition to British Rule in Karnataka Class 10 Questions and Answers KSEEB 10th Social Science
I. Fill in the blanks with suitable answers:
The first Anglo-Mysore War took place between ______________ & ______________
Hyder Ali and the tri-party alliance of British, Marathas and Nizam of Hyderabad
The Second Anglo-Mysore war ended with ______________ treaty.
Kittur Chennamma adopted a boy named ______________
Rayanna of Kittur state belonged to ______________ Village.
Surapura is in the present district of ______________ .
The Bedas of ______________ village of Belgaum district rebelled against the British.
The Amara Sulya rebellion was basically a ______________ rebellion.
II. Discuss in groups and answer later
How did Hyder AM come to power?
Hyder Ali joined the Mysore army as an ordinary soldier. He was a shrewd political manipulator. He followed the political developments in Mysore very closely. He was also a brave and daring soldier. He displayed his bravery and warfare tactics during the siege of Devanahalli and attack on the Nizam of Arcot and won the hearts of soldiers. He became famous as Nawab Hyder Ali in a very short time.
Hyder Ali was known for his innovations in armed warface on fire arms. He weakened the power of the Dalawayee and sidelined king Krishnaraja Wodeyar and began to control the administration and rose in prominence.
What are the effects of Second Anglo-Mysore war?
EFFECTS OF SECOND ANGLO- MYSORE WAR:
- Hyder Ali was defeated in a battle in Port Novae by the British.
- The British suffered financial set backs in Pulicat and Soliungur due to the war.
- The British won the Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad over to their side by signing the ‘Salbai Agreement’.
- Hyder Ali died of illness during the war.
- Tippu Sultan, Hyder Ali’s son led the war and defeated the British in Mangalore.
- The Second Anglo- Mysore war ended with the ‘Treaty of Mangalore’ in 1784.
What were the conditions of Srirangapatanam treaty?
THE CONDITIONS OF THE TREATY OF SRIRANGAPATNX
- Tippu Sultan was forced to part with half of his kingdom.
- Tippu Sultan had to pay three crore rupees as war damage fee.
- Tippu Sultan had to pledge two of his three children as hostages, as a guarantee against the payment.
- Tipu sultan was also forced to release all the prisoners of war.
The Fourth Anglo Mysore War strengthened the position of British in Mysore. Discuss.
The Fourth Anglo Mysore war helped the British to gain indirect control of the capital of Tipu Sultan, Srirangapatna and Mysore came under British power. They re¬established the Wodeyar dynasty to the Mysore throne. The Kingdom of Mysore became the princely state of British India.
With the death of Tipu Sultan, the supremacy of the English was more or less established in the sub continent. Tipu’s empire was partitioned among the Wodeyars, Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad.
Explain the method of resisting the British power by Dondiya Wagh.
Dondiya Wagh built his own private army with the unhappy soldiers of Tippu’s army and the fendatoiy rulers Who lost power. Dondiya Wagh captured Bidanoor and Shivamogga forts. When Lord Wellesley organized an attack on the places under the control of Dondiya (Shivamogga, Honalli, Harihara) , he lost his base and shifted to Gutti, which was Nizam’s territory, when the Nizam attacked Gutti, he escaped to the Maratha territory. The Maratha army attacked him and captured his horses, camels and arms. But he continued his rebellion, encouraged by a few unhappy palyegaras. The French at Mahe of Malabar also extended their support to him.
Dondiya Wagh then recaptured , Shikaripura fort. When the British tried to attack Dondiya’s army in the Tungabhadra and Malaprabha region he left Raichur.
Eventually the tri pary alliance of the British, Maratha and Nizam’s army attacked him near Yelaparavi and Killed him at Konagal.
Explain the method adopted by Rayanna to fight the British.
Sangoli Rayanna was a brave soldier (15 Aug 1798 -26 January 1831). Rayanna was the army chief of the Kingdom of Kittur, when it was ruled by Rani Chennamma, He, along with Rani Chennamma revolted against the British army when they tried to annex Kittjur under the Doctrine of Lapse Policy. Rayanna also took part in the 1824 rebellion and was arrested and imprisoned.
After he was released, he continued his rebellion against the British. He gathered local people and started a guerilla war against the British. He along with his army went from place to place, burning looting British treasuries, killing British troops and burning government offices.
Explain the contribution of Puttabasappa of Kodagu in freedom struggle.
Puttabasappa was a farmer of lower Kodagu region. After the capture of Kalyanaswami, Puttabasappa presented himself as Swami Aparampura. He took over the leadership of the Amarasulya rebellion.
Puttabasappa organized the rebels and clamed them down. He declared that tax on tobacco and salt will be withdrawn by the British. Under Puttabasappa’s leadership the rebels captured the government office in Bellare. Puttabasappa killed an Amaldhar, known for his brutality and became very popular. This incident helped gain more support for the rebellion and the rebellion became widespread.
Puttabasappa along with the other rebels marched towards Mangalore to capture it. They reached Mangalore through Pani Mangalore and Bantwal. They looted the treasury and prison of Bantwal.
When the British brought the army of Thalacheri, Kannur and Bombay to quell the farmers uprising, Puttabasappa and his associates fled to Surya. Puttabasappa Lakshmappa, Bangarasa, Kedambadi Ramaiah Gowda and Guddemane Appaiah were hanged to death.
Discuss the Surapura rebellion in brief.
In the year 1857-58, Raja Venkatappa Nayaka of Surapura, in present day Yadgir district of Karnataka, played a vital role against the oppression of the Britishers. He was joined by the Maratha Peshwa Nana Saheb, who also wanted to drive the British out of India.
When the British colonial rulers came to know of this alliance, the British army captured Surapura and imprisoned Venkatappa Nayaka.
Additional Questions and Answers
The rule of Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan is very important in Indian History Explain.
Hyder Ali and his son Tipu Sultan put forth a strong opposition to the British to establish their strong hold on south India. The British had to struggle for nearly four decades to gain control of south India.
Why is the 18th century in Indian history considered as ‘The Century of Political Problems’?
The 18th Century in Indian History is considered as ‘The Century of Political Problems’. The death of Mughal emperor Aurangazeb in 1707 weekend the Moghul empire and it lost its control over South India. Political struggles took place in the Carnatic region. The death of Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar in 1704 created political turmoil in Mysore state.
After the Carnatic war the English reigned supreme over India. But in south India, the Mysore region and the Marathas were formidable forces to reckon with; There was a power struggle between the colonial power and Indian states and also among the Indian Kings themselves to establish political supremacy. Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan fought four wars against the British and the tri-party alliance of British, Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad.
The Mysore region saw some peace after the death of Tipu Sultan on May 4, 1799.
Many rebellions and protests against the British took place in India against the British, the prominent among them was the revolt of 1857.
In Karnataka, Dondiya Wagh, led an important rebellion and tormented the British. Rani Chennamma of Kittur revolted against the British in 1824, along with her army chief Sangoli Rayanna over the Doctrine of Lapse Policy. The British tried to annex Kittur, when she adopted Shivalingappa after the death of the ruling prince Shivalingarudra Sarja.
Sangoli Rayanna continued his rebellion through guerrilla warfare with his motley army of fire hundred peasants, looting the British treasury and taluk offices, until he was captured and hanged in Dharwad.
In the Amara Sullya region of Dakshina Kannada farmer’s rose in rebellion under the leadership of Swami Aparampura, Kalyana Swami and Puttabasappa, opposing the illogical land tax imposed on them by the British.
Raja Venkatappa Nayaka of Surapura along with some disgruntled Palegara’s rose against the British in the wake of the 1857 Indian Mutiny.
After the fire arms ban in the back drop of 1857 revolution,the Bedas of Hulagali, Manturu, Bodani, Aalagundi rebelled against the British when they were asked to surrender their firearms. But were brutally suppressed by the British.
Hence the 18th C is remembered as the ‘Century of Political Problems’ in Indian History.
What were the causes for the first Anglo-Mysore war?
The rise of Hyder Ali was not tolerated by the British and the Marathas and Nizam of Hyderabad. The British formed a tri party alliance with Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad. Hyder Ali, cunningly, broke this alliance and created enmity and distrust among them. Hyder Ali attacked Arcot in 1767 along with the Nizam of Hyderabad and the first Anglo Mysore war started.
What was the result of the First Anglo-Maratha war?
Hyder Ali marched into Madras in 1769. The British were forced to sign the “Treaty of Madras”. According to the treaty the British had to help Hyder Ali when attacked by neighbouring kings. The Treaty of Madras ended the first Anglo Mysore War.
What were the causes for the second Anglo-Mysore war.
When Madhava Rao attacked Srirangapatna with the Maratha army in 1780, Hyder Ali expected the British to support him as per the Treaty of Madras’. But the British rejected his request and attacked Mahe, the French colony under Hyder Ali and captured it, which led to the second Anglo Mysore War.
Write a short note on Tipu Sultan?
Tipu Sultan was the son of Nawab Hyder Ali. He was born in 1750 at Devanahalli, Karnataka. He was trained in warfare and diplomacy from a very young age. He had gained warfare experience fighting along with his father. When Hyder Ali died of illness during the second Anglo- Mysore war in 1782, Tipu took the reins of Mysore. He shrewdly agreed to the Treaty of Mangalore’ to save Mangalore from the British. He had a clear understanding of the cunning policies of the British.
He waged wars against the British through the seventeen year of his rule. He was instrumental in modernizing his army and the use of rockets in wars. He took measures to strengthen the economy of Mysore by signing trade pacts and agreement. He nationalized the trade of tobacco and sandal wood. After his defeat in the third Anglo- Myosre War, Tipu attempted to form alliances with local rulers and French to drive the British back to England.
Tipu died valiantly in 1799, during the Fourth Anglo- Mysore war.
What were the cause for the Rebellion of Amara Sullya.
The British dethroned the ruler of Kodagu, Chikkaveerarajendra of the Haleri dynasty in 1957, which created political in stability in Kodagu. This incident instigated the farmers of Kodagu to rise in rebellion under the leadership of Swami Aparampura, against the British.
Multiple Choice Questions and Answers
The 18th century in Indian History is considered as
A. The Century of Social reforms
B. The Century of Political Problems
C. The Century of Industrial Revolution.
D. The Century of Political reforms.
b. The Century of Political Problems
Hyder Ali along with Nizam of Hyderabad attacked Arcot This incident started the
A. First Anglo- Mysore war
B. Second Anglo-Mysore war
C. Third Anglo- Mysore war
D. Fourth Anglo- Mysore war
a. First Anglo- Mysore war
The First Anglo- Mysore war ended with the Treaty.
A. Treaty of Srirangapatna
B. Treaty of Salabai
C. Treaty of Madras
D. Treaty of Mangalore
c. Treaty of Madras
The immediate cause for the start of secong Anglo-Mysore war was.
A. Rejection of Madras Treaty by the British.
B. The Maratha Army under Madhava Rao attacked Srirangapatna
C. Capture of Kachipuram by Hyder Ali
D. Attack and capture of Mahe by the British
d. Attack and capture of Mahe by the British.
Hyder Ali died of Illness during the
A. First Anglo- Mysore war
B. Second Anglo- Mysore war
C. Third Anglo-Mysore war
D. Fourth Anglo-Mysore war
c. Third Anglo- Mysore war.
The term ‘Wagh’ Means
One of the important rebellions that took place in Karnataka during the 19th Century was led by
C. Venkatappa Nayaka
Dondiya was a soldier in ________ army
C. Hyder Ali
c. Hyder Ali
Rani Chennamma was the Queen of ________
B. Venkatappa Nayaka
D. Chikkadevaraja Wadeyar
The British Governor during the time of Rani Chennamma of Kittur was
A. Lord Wellesly
B. Lord Dalhousie
C. Thomas Munroe
c. Thomas Munroe