KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Science Karnataka State Syllabus

KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Science Karnataka State Syllabus

Expert Teachers at KSEEBSolutions.com has created KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Science Pdf Free Download in English Medium and Kannada Medium of 8th Standard Karnataka Science Textbook Solutions Answers Guide, Textbook Questions and Answers, Notes Pdf, Model Question Papers with Answers, Study Material, are part of KSEEB Solutions for Class 8. Here we have given KTBS Karnataka State Board Syllabus for Class 8 Science Textbook Solutions based on NCERT Syllabus.

Karnataka State Board Syllabus for Class 8 Science Solutions in English Medium

KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Science

KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Science New Syllabus

8th Class Science Textbook Solutions Karnataka State Syllabus (OLD Syllabus)

Karnataka State Board Syllabus for Class 8 Science Solutions in Kannada Medium

8th Class Science Textbook Solutions in Kannada Medium Karnataka State Syllabus

We hope the given KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Science Pdf Free Download in English Medium and Kannada Medium of 8th Std Karnataka Science Textbook Answers Solutions Guide, Textbook Questions and Answers, Notes Pdf, Model Question Papers with Answers, Study Material will help you. If you have any queries regarding KTBS Karnataka State Board Syllabus for Class 8 Science Textbooks Solutions based on NCERT Syllabus, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Maths Karnataka State Syllabus

KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Maths Karnataka State Syllabus

Expert Teachers at KSEEBSolutions.com has created KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Maths Pdf Free Download in English Medium and Kannada Medium of 8th Standard Karnataka Maths Textbook Solutions Answers Guide, Textbook Questions and Answers, Notes Pdf, Model Question Papers with Answers, Study Material, are part of KSEEB Solutions for Class 8. Here we have given KTBS Karnataka State Board Syllabus for Class 8 Maths Textbook Solutions based on NCERT Syllabus.

Karnataka State Board Syllabus for Class 8 Maths Solutions in English Medium

KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Maths

8th Class Maths Textbook Solutions Karnataka State NEW Syllabus

KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 Rational Numbers

8th Class Maths Textbook Answers Karnataka State Syllabus Chapter 2 Linear Equations in One Variable

KSEEB 8th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals

Karnataka State Class 8 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Practical Geometry

Karnataka State Syllabus Class 8 Maths Solutions Pdf Chapter 5 Data Handling

8th Class Maths State Syllabus Solutions Karnataka Chapter 6 Square and Square Roots

Karnataka State Class 8 Maths Solutions Pdf Chapter 7 Chapter 7 Cube and Cube Roots

8th Standard Maths Solutions Karnataka State Syllabus Chapter 8 Comparing Quantities

8th Class Maths Textbook Karnataka State Syllabus Solutions Chapter 9 Algebraic Expressions and Identities

KSEEB Maths Solutions for Class 8 Chapter 10 Visualizing Solid Shapes

8th Standard Maths Guide Karnataka State Syllabus Pdf Chapter 11 Mensuration

8th Standard Maths Notes Karnataka State Syllabus Chapter 12 Exponents and Powers

Karnataka State Syllabus For Class 8 Maths Guide Chapter 13 Direct and Inverse Proportions

Class 8 Maths Solution Karnataka State Syllabus Chapter 14 Chapter 14 Factorization

8th Class Maths Textbook Answers Karnataka Chapter 15 Introduction to Graphs

Karnataka State Board Syllabus for Class 8 Maths Chapter 16 Playing with Numbers

8th Class Maths Textbook Solutions Karnataka State Syllabus (OLD Syllabus)

KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 Playing with Numbers

8th Class Maths Textbook Answers Karnataka State Syllabus Chapter 2 Algebraic Expressions

KSEEB 8th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Axioms, Postulates and Theorems

Karnataka State Class 8 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 Factorisation

Karnataka State Syllabus Class 8 Maths Solutions Pdf Chapter 5 Squares, Square Roots, Cubes, Cube Roots

8th Class Maths State Syllabus Solutions Karnataka Chapter 6 Theorems on Triangles

Karnataka State Class 8 Maths Solutions Pdf Chapter 7 Rational Numbers

8th Standard Maths Solutions Karnataka State Syllabus Chapter 8 Linear Equations in One Variable

8th Class Maths Textbook Karnataka State Syllabus Solutions Chapter 9 Commercial Arithmetic

KSEEB Maths Solutions for Class 8 Chapter 10 Exponents

8th Standard Maths Guide Karnataka State Syllabus Pdf Chapter 11 Congruency of Triangles

8th Standard Maths Notes Karnataka State Syllabus Chapter 12 Construction of Triangles

Karnataka State Syllabus For Class 8 Maths Guide Chapter 13 Statistics

Class 8 Maths Solution Karnataka State Syllabus Chapter 14 Introduction of Graphs

8th Class Maths Textbook Answers Karnataka Chapter 15 Quadrilaterals

Karnataka State Board Syllabus for Class 8 Maths Chapter 16 Mensuration

Karnataka State Board Syllabus for Class 8 Maths Solutions in Kannada Medium

8th Class Maths Textbook Solutions in Kannada Medium Karnataka State Syllabus

KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 Sankhyegalondigina Aata

KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 2 Bijoktigalu

KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Swayam Siddhagalu, Adhara Pratignegalu Mattu Prameyagalu

KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 4 Apavartisuvike

KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 5 Varga, Vargamulagalu, Ghana Mattu Ghanamulagalu

KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 6 Tribhujagala Melina Prameyagalu

KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 7 Bhagalabdha Sankhyegalu

KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 8 Ondu Charaksharavulla Sarala Rekhatmaka Samikaranagalu

Karnataka State Board Syllabus for Class 8 Maths Chapter 9 Vanijya Ganitha

Karnataka State Board Syllabus for Class 8 Maths Chapter 10 Ghatankagalu

Karnataka State Board Syllabus for Class 8 Maths Chapter 11 Tribhujagala Sarvasamate

Karnataka State Board Syllabus for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 Tribhujagala Rachane

Karnataka State Board Syllabus for Class 8 Maths Chapter 13 Sankhya Shastra

Karnataka State Board Syllabus for Class 8 Maths Chapter 14 Alekha(Nakshe)Gala Parichaya

Karnataka State Board Syllabus for Class 8 Maths Chapter 15 Chaturbhujagalu

Karnataka State Board Syllabus for Class 8 Maths Chapter 16 Kshetra Ganita

We hope the given KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Maths Pdf Free Download in English Medium and Kannada Medium of 8th Std Karnataka Maths Textbook Answers Solutions Guide, Textbook Questions and Answers, Notes Pdf, Model Question Papers with Answers, Study Material will help you. If you have any queries regarding KTBS Karnataka State Board Syllabus for Class 8 Maths Textbooks Solutions based on NCERT Syllabus, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

2nd PUC Business Studies Notes Karnataka

Karnataka 2nd PUC Business Studies Notes

2nd PUC Economics Notes Karnataka

Karnataka 2nd PUC Economics Notes

2nd PUC Economics Notes Part A – Micro Economics

2nd PUC Economics Notes Part B – Macro Economics

2nd PUC Biology Notes Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms

Karnataka 2nd PUC Biology Notes Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms

→ Reproduction is one of the important characteristics of life. It is defined as a biological process in which an organism give rise to young ones (offsprings) similar to itself. The off-springs grow, mature and in turn produce new offsprings. Thus, there is a cycle of birth, growth and death. Reproduction is necessary for the continuation of life and to compensate for the loss of life due to death.

→ Each organism has evolved its own mechanism to multiply and produce offsprings. The reproduction is of two types – asexual and sexual. When an offspring is produced by a single parent without the formation and fusion of gametes, then the reproduction is called asexual, when two parents (of the opposite sex) or a bisexual organism participate in the reproductive process and involve fusion of male and female gametes, then it is called sexual reproduction.

Asexual Reproduction

The production of offsprings by single parent without the formation and fusion of gametes is called asexual reproduction. It is also known as agamogenesis or agamogeny.

The offsprings produced by sexual reproduction are identical and are also exact copies of their parents. A group of genetically identical offsprings produced from a single parent are called clone.

Note: However, members of a clone may differ genetically when there is mutation (a sudden heritable change).

2nd PUC Biology Notes Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms

Characteristics of Asexual reproduction

  • A single parent is involved (uniparental condition).
  • Gametes are not formed.
  • No fertilization.
  • There is only mitotic cell division.
  • Daughter organisms are genetically identical to the parent.
  • Multiplication occurs rapidly.

Asexual reproduction takes place in the following ways;

1. Binary Fission: In this process the parent organism divides into two halves, each half forms one independent daughter organism. Binary fission involves mitosis. Binary fission occurs in Amoeba – simple binary fission, Euglena and Vorticella – longitudinal binary fission, Paramoecium and Planaria-transverse binary fission, Ceratium – oblique binary fission.
2nd PUC Biology Notes Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms 1

2. Multiple Fission: In this process, the parent body divides into many daughter organisms. Multiple fission occurs in amoeba, plasmodium, monocystis (all protozoans).

3. Encystation & Sporulation: Under unfavourable conditions amoeba withdraws its pseudopodia and secretes a three layered hard covering or cyst around itself. This phenomenon is termed as encystation. When the favourable conditions return, the encysted amoeba divides by multiple fission and produces many pseudopodiospores. Finally by the breakdown of cyst wall the spores are liberated into the surrounding medium to grow up into many amoebae. This phenomenon is known as sporulation.

4. Exogenous Budding: In this process, a daughter organism is formed from a small projection, the bud, arising from the parent body. An outgrowth or bud grows externally on the surface of the body. The bud may split away from the parent and take up an independent existence as in Hydra or it may remain attached and become a more or less independent member of the colony as in Sycon.

In yeast, the cell division is unequal and results in a large cell and a small cell, called bud which remains attached to the large cell; the bud gets separated and grows into an adult yeast.
2nd PUC Biology Notes Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms 2

2nd PUC Biology Notes Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms

5. Gemmule Formation: In fresh water sponges (e.g., spongilia) and a few marine sponges (except in Sycon), buds are formed within the parents body. They are called gemmules
(= internal buds).
2nd PUC Biology Notes Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms 3

6. Zoospores: The members of the Kingdom Fungi and simple plants such as algae (e.g., Chlamydomonas) reproduce through special motile reproductive structures called zoospores)

7. Conidia formation : Conidia are produced by Penicillium, Aspergillus, etc., are non-motile. Conidia are exogenous outgrowths borne on the tip of special hyphae called conidio phores.
2nd PUC Biology Notes Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms 4

Vegetative Propagation

In plants, the term vegetative propagation is frequently used to explain asexual reproduction.
Note: Besides the natural methods of vegetative propagation, human beings have developed several techniques for artificial vegetative propagation’of economic plants.
2nd PUC Biology Notes Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms 5

2nd PUC Biology Notes Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms

Natural Vegetative Propagation

A number of perennial plants propagate vegetatively in nature. Different vegetative parts such as roots, stems and leaves are variously modified to help in vegetative propagation in these plants.

1. Vegetative propagation by roots: The intact roots of many woody plants (such as Murraya sp., Albizia lebbek, Guava, Dalbergia sissoo), which are growing just below the ground develop adventitious buds. The buds put out shoots and produce new plants.

The roots of plants like sweet potato, dahlia, asparagus, dioscoria (yam), tapioca etc., are tuberous and store abundant of food materials. They bear adventitious buds and provide a means of vegetative propagation. The buds present on the roots grow into leafy shoots called slips. The young slips are detached from parent plants and grow separately.

2. Vegetative propagation by stems: In many plants, stem is the source of natural vegetative propagation.
It is of various types-Sub-aerial or creeping stems like runners (e.g., Cyndron – lawn grass), suckers (e.g., mint chrysanthemum), stolons (e.g., Fragaria – strawberry), offset (Eichhoria – water hyacinth) produce new shoots or crowns, which may break and give rise to independent plants.

Underground stems like rhizomes (e.g., ginger, turmeric, banana etc.), corms (colocasia, gladious, freesia, crocus etc.), bulbs (onion, garlic, narcissus etc.) and tubers (e.g., potato, artichoke etc.) possess buds to form new plants. Due to mechanical force or natural decay of older parts, underground stems may give rise to independent plants.
Stem segment of some aerial shoots such as opuntia, cacti etc., develops into new plants after falling on the ground.

Nice to know: Water hyacinth is an aquatic plant and is one of the most invasive weeds growing in standing waters. It is popularly known as ‘terror of Bengal’.
It drains oxygen from the water which leads to death of fishes. It can propagate vegetatively at a phenomenal rate and spread all over the water body in a short period of time.

3. Vegetative propagation by leaves : Leaves are not a common mean of vegetative propagation in nature. In Bryophyllum diagremontianum, plantlets develop from the buds present on the marginal notches of the intact leaves. These plantlgts become detached arid develop into independent plants. On other species of Bryophyllum and Kalanchoe, new plants arise only when leaf is injured or detached.

4. Vegetative propagation through bulbils: Bulbils are fleshy buds, which develop into new plants after falling on the ground, e.g., Dioscorea, oxalis, pineapple.

Artificial Vegetative Propagation

In addition to the natural methods of vegetative propagation as described above, several artificial methods of vegetative propagation are practiced. Following are the importapt artificial methods of vegetative propagation:

1. Cutting: ‘The division of a portion of any plant organ such as stem, root or leaf used for vegetative propagation is called cutting. Stem cuttings are most commonly used for this purpose.
e.g. Sugarcane, grapes, cocoa, rose, bougainvillea, duranta and carnations etc.
Note: Stem cutting of some plants do not produce roots readily and have to be treated with a root promoting hormone such as IBA and NAA etc.

2. Layering: In this method of vegetative propagation, roots are induced on a stem branch, before it is detached from the parent plant for propagation. Once the roots are induced, the branch is detached from the main plant and transplanted to the desired place.

3. Grafting: It is a method of joining two different plants, so as to make them grow as one composite unit. Here, a twig from one plant is transplanted to a rooted plant of a different variety, of the same species. This brings organic connection between the two, bringing in best qualities of both. The branch that is inserted is known as graft or scion and the plant that is rooted to the soil is called stock.

2nd PUC Biology Notes Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms

Importance of vegetative propagation:

Vegetative propagation has a number of advantages. Some of these are as follows.
1. Vegetative propagation is the only known method of multiplication in plants like banana,
seedless grapes and oranges, rose and jasmine that have lost their capacity to produce seeds through sexual reproduction.

2. Plants like bermuda grass or doob grass (Cynodoridactylon), which produce only a small quantity of seeds are mostly propagated vegetatively.

3. Vegetative propagation is a more rapid, easier and a less expensive method of multiplying plants which have either poor seed viability or prolonged seed dormancy.

4. It also helps us to introduce plants in new areas where seed germination fails to produce plants due to change in the soil and environmental conditions.

5. The greatest advantage of vegetative propagation is that all plants produced will have the same characters and hereditaiy potential as the parent plants. It is not possible in the plants raised from seeds, since they contain blended characters of both the parents.

6. Grafting permits the physical and physiological joining of separate individuals for the best economic advantage i.e., good qualities of two varieties can be combined in one composite plant.

7. The good qualities of a race or variety can be preserved indefinitely.

Sexual Reproduction

Sexual reproduction involves formation of the male and female gametes either by the same individual or by different individuals of the opposite sex. These gametes fuse to form the zygote which develops to form the new organism. Because of the fusion of male and female gametes, sexual reproduction results in offsprings that are not identical to the.parents or amongst themselves. Sexual reproduction is an elaborate, complex and slow process.

2nd PUC Biology Notes Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms

Note:
1. If both the male and female reproductive organs are present in the same individual then the condition is called monoecious and if present in separate individuals the condition is known as dioecious.
Sexual reproduction involves meiosis or reductional division during the formation of gametes.

2. Differences between asexual and sexual reproduction

Asexual reproduction  Sexual reproduction
1. Always uniparental.  1. Can be biparental or uniparental.
2. Occurs by zoospores, conidia, budding, fragmentation etc.  2. Occurs by the fusion of haploid gametes
3. Offsprings are genetically identical to the parents.  3. Offsprings differ among themselves and from the parents.
4. It is a faster process.  4. It is a slow process.

Similarities in pattern of sexual reproduction:

Although the diverse organisms (i.e., plants, animals to fungi, differ in external morphology, internal structure and physiology, they show more or less similar pattern of sexual reproduction.

1. Juvenile/vegetative Phase: All organisms have to reach a certain stage of growth and maturity in their life, before they can reproduce sexually. In animals, this period of growth is called the juvenile phase, while in plants it is known as vegetative phase.

2. Reproductive phase: The end of juvenile/vegetative phase is marked by the beginning of the next phase called reproductive phase.
In higher plants, the reproductive phase is marked by the onset of flowering.
In animals, the juvenile phase is followed by morphological and physiological changes prior to active reproductive behaviour. In several animals, including human beings, the reproductive maturity is marked by a number of changes that occur in their bodies.

3. Flowering/breeding seasons: There are some plants which flower throughout the year, while some others show seasonal flowering i.e., they flower during the same month year after year. A few plants exhibit unusual flowering phenomenon.
e.g: Bamboo species flower only once in their life time generally after 50-100 years. Strobilanthus kunthiana(neelakuranji) flowers once in 12 years.
Most animals do not breed throughout the year, instead they are seasonal breeders. For instance, birds living in nature lays eggs only seasonally.

During reproductive phase, the female of placental mammals exhibit cyclical changes in the ovarian and reproductive ducts.
In non-primate mammals like cows, sheep, rats, deers, dogs, tiger etc., the cyclic changes during reproductive phase is called oestrus cycle.
In primate mammals like monkeys, apes and human beings, the cyclic changes during reproductive phase is called menstrual cycle.
Many, mammals are seasonal breeders, while a few are continuous breeders

2nd PUC Biology Notes Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms

4. Senescence (Aging): After reproductive maturity, all organisms enter into a senescent phase. This phase is characterised by gradual decrease in functional activities and cellular breakdown leading to the death of the organism.

Events in sexual reproduction:
There is a regular sequence of the events of sexual reproduction. These sequential events may be grouped into three distinct stages – the pre-fertilization, fertilization and the post fertilization events.

Pre-fertilization events:
These are the events which occurs prior to the fusion of gametes. Pre-fertilization events include gametogenesis and gamete transfer.

1. Gametogenesis: Gametogenesis is the process by which male and female sex cells or gametes are formed. Gametes are haploid cells. In some algae, the two gametes are similar in appearance (morphology) and are Called homogametes (=isogametes),. Such gametes cannot bp distinguished into male and female gametes. However, in majority of sexually reproducing organisms the gametes formed are of two morphologically distinct types, called heterogametes. In such organisms, the male gamete is called the antherozoid or sperm and the female gamete is called the egg or ovum.

Sexuality in organisms: Organisms exhibit different strategies regarding their sexuality.

Plants may have both male and female reproductive structures in the same plant i.e. bisexual or homothallic or on different plants i.e., heterothallic or dioecious.

In flowering plants, the unisexual male flower is staminate i.e., bearing stamens, while female is pistillate bearing pistils.
e.g: Monoecious plants – cucurbits and coconuts
Dioecious plants – papaya and date palm.
In animals, bisexual animals are also known as hermaphrodites and unisexual animals are also known as homophrodites.
e.g: Hermaphrodite animals: Tapeworm, leech
Homophrodite animals: Cockroach
Several organisms belonging to monera, fungi, algae and bryophytes have haploid plant body but in organisms belonging to pteridophytes, gymnosperms, angiosperms andmost of the animals have diploid body.
In diploid organisms specialised cells called meiocytes undergo meiosis during gamete formation
2nd PUC Biology Notes Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms 6

2nd PUC Biology Notes Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms

2. Gamete transfer: When the male and female gametes are formed, they are physically brought together so as to facilitate their fusion. In most of the organisms, the male gamete is motile, whereas the female gamete is hon-motile or stationary.

In several simple plants like algae, bryophytes and pteridophytes, water is the medium through which gamete transfer takes place.

In seed plants, pollen grains are the carries of male gametes and ovule have the egg. Pollen grains are transferred from the anthers on to the stigma by pollination.

Syngamy or Fertilization:

The fusion of gametes is called syngamy or fertilization. It results in the formation of a diploid zygote.

Parthenogenesis: It is interesting to note here that in some organisms, the female gametes develop into new organisms without fertilization. This phenomenon is termed as parthenogenesis (=virgin birth or virginal reproduction).
e.g., Rotifers (wheel animals), insects (e.g., honey bees, wasps, beetles, ants, aphids, grasshoppers)

Note: In liver fluke and some insects (e.g., gall fly), the larva produces a new generation of larvae by parthenogenesis. It is called paedogenetic parthenogenesis (Paedogenesis).

Site of Syngamy:

In many organisms which occur in aquatic habitats (e.g., algae, fishes and amphibians) syngamy occurs outside the body of the organism in the external medium i.e., in water. This type of gametic fusion is called external fertilization.

In most of the terrestrial organisms such as fungi, higher animals (such as reptiles, birds, mammals) and in a majority of plants (bryophytes, pteridophytes, gymnosperms and angiosperms). Syngamy occurs inside the body of the organism. This type of gametic fusion is called internal fertilization.

External fertilisation  Internal fertilization
When fusion of gametes (syngamy) occurs outside the body of the organism, it is called external fertilisation.  When fusion of gametes (syngamy) occurs inside the body of the organism, it is called internal fertilisation.
A laige number of gametes are released in the surrounding medium by such animals e.g., bony fishes, amphibians, etc.  The number of ova produced is less, but a large number of male gametes are formed, as many of them fail to reach the ova. e.g., birds, mammals, earthworm, etc.
Wastage of gametes takes place due to water currents.  No wastage of gametes.

2nd PUC Biology Notes Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms

Post-fertilization events:

The events in sexual reproduction that occur after the formation of zygote are called post-fertilization events.

1. The zygote: In all sexually reproducing organisms, a diploid zygote is produced as a result of fertilization. Later, the zygote produces a new individual.

2. Embryogenesis: The process of development of embryo from zygote is called embryogenesis. During this process, zygote undergoes cell division (mitotic divisions) and cell differentiation.

3. Post-fertilisation events:
1. All those events in sexual reproduction after the formation of zygote, are called post fertilisation events.

2. Zygote is the vital link, that ensures continuity of species between organisms of one generation and that ®f the next.

3. Development of zygote depends on,

  • the type of life cycle of the organism and
  • the environment it is exposed to.

4. In many algae and fungi, the zygote develops a thick wall around it and undergoes a period of rest during the unfavourable conditions, before germination at the return of favourable conditions.

5. In organisms showing haplontic life cycle, zygote undergoes meiosis, while in organisms showing diplontic or haplodiplontic life cycle,zygote undergoes mitosis.

6. The zygote develops into an embryo (embryogenesis).

7. Embryogenesis involves:

  • Cell division to increase the number of cells.
  • Cell enlargement or growth to increase the volume / weight of living matter.
  • Cell differentiation, for the formation of different kinds of tissues.

8. Depending on whether the development of zygote occurs inside or outside the body of the female organism (parent), animals are categorized as oviparous and viviparous.

Oviparous animals  Viviparous animals
These are the animals which lay fertilised or unfertilised eggs. These are the animals which give birth to young individuals.
The fertilised eggs have a calcareous shell to protect them from the harsh environment. The eggs have no calcareous shell, as they are protected inside the mother’s body.
Development occurs outside the body of the parent animal. Development occurs inside the body of female parent.
Chances of survival are less. Chances of survival are more.

2nd PUC Biology Notes Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms

9. In flowering plants, the zygote is formed inside the ovule, where it develops into the embryo; simultaneously the ovule becomes the seed and the ovary becomes the fruit.

10. The seeds germinate after they are dispersed from the fruit and they produce new plants.

2nd PUC Biology Notes

2nd PUC Biology Notes Karnataka

Karnataka 2nd PUC Biology Notes

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

KSEEB 8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Summary Questions and Answers

ILA. Your teacher reads a passage listen to it. Then answer these questions.

Question 1.
Why did Sangappa feel sad?
Answer:
There were no classes in the Ashram. Students had freedom to go wherever they liked. His son had been sitting on a tree watching the birds singing. He was trying to draw the birds in book. So, Sangappa felt sad that his son was not learning anything worthwhile.

Question 2.
What was his son doing?
Answer:
His son was sitting on a tree watching the birds singing. He was trying to draw the birds in book.

Question 3.
What did the Headmaster say about learning?
Answer:
Head master said that Sangappa’s son was studying nature and he was learning. But kids who are reading books and trying to by heart some questions and answers, were not learning really.

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

Question 4.
Does learning mean only reading books and preparing for the examination? Share your views with your partners in the class.
Answer:
No, learning means not only reading books and preparing for the examination. Learning means practice and preparing ourselves.

IRA. Some questions are given below. If you agree tick off (Yes). If not tick off (No)

Question 1.
I love to get answers to all the questions by heart.
Answer:
No

Question 2.
We should play in the evenings.
Answer:
Yes

Question 3.
I learn a lot while I am outside the classroom.
Answer:
Yes

Question 4.
Learning must be an enjoyable experience.
Answer:
Yes

Question 5.
Singing, praying, practicing yoga and drawing are also some of the ways of learning.
Answer:
Yes

Textbook Questions and Answers

I. Answer the following questions

Question 1.
Who named the school Shantiniketan?
Answer:
Gurudeva named the school Shantiniketan.

Question 2.
When does the day in Shantiniketan begin?
Answer:
The day in Shantiniketan begins long before sunrise.

Question 3.
What is termed by Gurudeva as, “the darling of our hearts.”?
Answer:
Shantiniketan is termed by Gurudeva as “the darling of our hearts.”

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

Question 4.
Which phrase is used in paragraph 1 to mean “both the old and the young people”?
Answer:
“Old and young alike” is the phrase used in the 1st paragraph which refers to “both the old and the young people.”

Question 5.
The boys in Shantiniketan get up early in the morning. Who else are the early risers?
Answer:
Choristers also get up early in the morning.

II. Answer the following Questions

Question 1.
What kind of work do the boys practice in the afternoon?
Answer:
Boys practice Handiworks like carpentry, mechanical work, spinning and weaving, drafts, painting and music.

Question 2.
What are Shantiniketan boys famous for?
Answer:
Shantiniketan boys are famous for their sports and games.

Question 3.
How do the boys spend evenings before they go to bed?
Answer:
Boys spend their evenings before they go to bed by telling fairy tales, reciting short dramas, singing Gurudeva’s songs and holding different school gatherings.

Question 4.
Read the second paragraph carefully. What it describes is:
(a) The greatness of the Teachers.
(b) The song of the Choristers.
(c) The lessons taught in the Ashram.
(d) The silent meditation of the inmates.
Answer:
(b) The song of the Choristers.

III. Read and discuss your responses with your partner. Then write

Question 1.
What is the effect of the song of the Choristers on the listeners?
Answer:
One can hear the voices in the distance, drawing nearer and nearer, and then the sound dies away, as the choir passes on to another part of the Ashram, and then again it comes nearer and nearer. The beauty of the sound in the silent morning air and the sense of joy and reverence which it brings, give peace to the soul.

Question 2.
How are the classes held in the afternoon in Shantiniketan?
Answer:
There is no classroom in Shantiniketan. The boys sit with their teachers, in the open air, under trees. A group of eight or ten boys sit round the teacher, asking him questions. Very few books are used. A greater part is carried on through conversation. The boys soon learn to open out all their difficulties to their teachers, and the teachers get keenly interested in the boy’s questions and answers. Classes are thus held in uniqueness in Shantiniketan.

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

Question 3.
How do the boys spend their evening in Shantiniketan?
Answer:
In the evening at sunset, boys return from the fields and sit down once more, for a short time, to meditate in silence.

Question 4.
How are the classes at Shantiniketan different from the classes in other schools?
Answer:
There are no classrooms in Shantiniketan.The boys sit with their teachers in the open air, under the trees. There are no larger classes. Boys sit round the teacher, asking him questions. Very few books are used. A greater part is carried on through conversation.

The boys soon learn to open out all their difficulties to their teachers, and the teachers get keenly interested in the boys’ questions and answers. It is a residential school. Boys learn to rise early in the morning. It provides a opportunity for the boys to learn freely. Where as in other schools, students sit in the classrooms.

When the teachers are teach most of the students become passive learners. They depend more on books and notes. Students asks the questions rarely to clarify their doubts. Homeworks and punishments are given to the students. There is no complete freedom to the students to learn.

Question 5.
How does Shantiniketan prepare the boys for life?
Answer:
In Shantiniketan, boys are given opportunity to learn vocation of their own taste. Boys practice handwork. Some learn carpentry; others learns mechanical work; practice spinning and weaving, become skilled draftsmen or painters and some learn music.

Boys learn to rise early in the morning. Singing in choir, meditation, sports and games, telling stories, reciting dramas etc. In this way, shantiniketan prepares the boys for life.

IV. The writer has used the phrase “living education” to describe the experience in Shantiniketan. Some features of education are given below. Classify them into categories of living education and unimaginative instruction.

Living Education Unimaginative instruction
– Open discussion – punishing learners.
– meditating – memorizing
– Learning outside – Dictates notes
– in nature – students passively listening
– students asking questions to teachers – bookish learning
-experimenting
-creative thinking
– identifying students’ natural taste.

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

V. Write a paragraph describing your idea of a good school.

My idea of a good school: A school should be located in natural surroundings. It should have a good laboratory, library and a vast play ground. High standard principles should be maintained. Rules and regulations should be set and followed strictly both by the students and teachers. Teachers should be highly disciplined with mastery over the subjects. They should be a model to the students. They should be kind hearted and sympathetic to the students and correct the students mistakes and guide them properly.

A good school gives importance not only curricular activities but also co-curricular activities. The students who shows interest in sports, singing, dancing, enacting, painting should be encouraged. Teachers should give attention to slow learners. Students should be encouraged to experiments, in their project works, to develop good handwriting and to develop

speaking skills. A good school should transform the students from raw one to refined one, and inculcate culture and patriotism.

VI. Write a few lines about your school using the following clues

  • Name of the school
  • Location
  • School building
  • Facilities- about teachers, laboratory, library, sports etc.

Answer:
I am studying in ‘Government High School’, Bellur, in Shimoga District. It is in the lap of the Sahyadris.

It is a tile roofed building with redoxide floor. It is in ‘L’ shape. It is surrounded by forests and hills. One can see the beauty of Malvad region by standing in our school playground.

There are eight teachers in our school. They are benevolent and kind hearted. They teach us well. Our Head master gives for importance for both curricular and co-curricular activities. We have well equipped laboratory and library. We read newspapers and story books. We take reference books to home to do project works. We have a good, big playground. Our P.E. teacher trains us in many games and sports and helps us to participate at Taluk and District level sports competitions I feel proud to study in this school.

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

A Day in the Ashram Lesson Vocabulary in English

V1. Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with the help of clues given in brackets:

Question 1.
When you blow air into balloon it becomes _____________ and _____________ (big)
Answer:
bigger and bigger,

Question 2.
As the train approaches the station, the sound of its whistle becomes _____________ and _____________ (loud)
Answer:
louder and louder

Question 3.
If you practice harder and harder, you will feel _____________ and _____________ (much) confident to solve the problems.
Answer:
more and more

Question 4.
Man has been constructing _____________ and _____________ (tall) building in the cities.
Answer:
taller and taller

Question 5.
As you move away from a tree it looks _____________ and _____________ (small)
Answer:
smaller and smaller

V2. Fill in the blanks using some and others.

E.g: Some prefer carpentry, others prefer mechanical work.

Question 1.
You can see shining objects in the sky at night. _____________ of them are planets, _____________ are stars.
Answer:
Some, Others.

Question 2.
There are many fruits in the baskets. _____________ of them are mangoes _____________ are bananas.
Answer:
Some, Others.

Question 3.
After the bell, boys _____________ went out to play, _____________ went home.
Answer:
Some, Others.

Question 4.
There are a few books on the table. _____________ of them are text books, _____________ are not.
Answer:
Some, Others.

Question 5.
_____________ of the apples in the basket are good, _____________ are bad.
Answer:
Some, Others.

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

V3. Fill in the blanks choosing appropriate words from the words given in brackets.

Last _____________ (week, weak) I went to a shop to _____________ (by, buy) a pair of trousers. I bought one and returned home. When I tried to _____________ (wear, ware) it, I found that it was rather _____________ (loose, lose). So I went to the shop in fury. But the shopkeeper was out. So I had to _____________ (wait, weight) for half an hour. When he returned, I shouted at him, “see, how big it is. It fits an elephant.” He replied coolly looking at my pot belly, “Therefore we offered it to you, sir.”
Answer:
week, buy, wear, loose, wait.

V4. Fill in the blanks using antonyms of the word in italics:

Question 1.
Krishna was a rich king, while his friend was a _____________ man.
Answer:
poor

Question 2.
Madanika is tall but her brother is _____________
Answer:
short

Question 3.
Radhika is strong but her sister is _____________
Answer:
weak

Question 4.
Silk is soft: iron is _____________
Answer:
hard

Question 5.
I can remember stories but _____________ lessons.
Answer:
forget

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

V5. Classify the following into prefixes and suffixes:

re, less, ful, mis, non, anti, ment, able, ish, in, ex, ion, ship, multi, sub, ive. One example for each is given.

prefixes Suffixes
re, mis, non, anti, in, ex, multi, sub less, ful, ment, able, ish, ion, ship, ive

V6. Fill in the blanks with appropriate prefixes choosing from the ones given above (V5)

Question 1.
The school _____________ opens on June 1.
Answer:
re

Question 2.
Manish eats meat. He is _____________ vegetarian.
Answer:
non

Question 3.
Terrorists are _____________ social.
Answer:
anti

Question 4.
Bakra Nangal is a _____________ purpose project.
Answer:
multi

Question 5.
Plastic chairs are _____________ expensive.
Answer:
in

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

V7. Fill in the blanks with appropriate suffixes choosing from the ones given above in V5.

Question 1.
He was comfort _____________ in his seat on the train.
Answer:
less/able

Question 2.
He was acting in a very child _____________ way.
Answer:
ish

Question 3.
She looked at her reflect _____________ in the mirror.
Answer:
ion

Question 4.
India has won the champion _____________ at Sharjah.
Answer:
ship

Question 5.
The rate of employ _____________ in India has been rising steadily.
Answer:
ment.

D. Grammar

Task 1. Read the following passage. Underline the common nouns. Say whether they are countables, that is whether they can be counted one, two etc., or whether they are uncountables, that is, they cannot be counted. List them under different columns. Two examples are given.

There was a merchant in a town. His name was Parashuramappa, He had many friends. They helped him in selling milk all over the town Parashuramappa loved to live in peace. Also, he always spoke the truth. These qualities endeared him to all the people in the locality.
Answer:

Countable Nouns Uncountable Nouns
Merchant Milk
Town Peace
Friends Truth
People Qualities
Parashuramappa Locality

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

Articles

Task 2. Fill in the blanks using ‘a’, ‘an’ or ‘the’, only where necessary. If no article is necessary write (ø) in blank.

Question 1.
Abdul is ____________ excellent football player. As ____________ student, he won many prizes. Now he has joined ____________ multinational company. ____________ company encourages him to play for ____________ state level tournaments.
Answer:
an, a, a, the, the

Question 2.
____________ Democracy is ____________ best form of government for all. ____________ people have ____________ right to vote. Even in ____________ emergency ____________ people do not lose their ____________ rights, in that form of government.
Answer:
ø, the, the, the, an, ø, ø

Question 3.
____________ Peter lives in ____________ same locality as I do. His father is ____________ Assistant Engineer. He loves ____________ music and ____________ sports. His most favourite sports is ____________ cricket.
Answer:
ø , the, an, ø, ø, ø.

Task 3. Look at the following pairs of sentences. Why is ‘the’ (the definite article) used in some cases but not in others? Discuss with your partner and write the reason.

Task 4. What do you understand after doing these exercises? Answer the following questions by filling in the blanks.

Question 1.
Nouns can be countable or ________________
Answer:
uncountable

Question 2.
Countable can be singular or ________________
Answer:
plural

Question 3.
‘a’, ‘an’ and ________________ are articles.
Answer:
the

Question 4.
‘a’ and ‘an’ are used only with ________________ nouns.
Answer:
countable

Question 5.
‘The’ can be used with both singular and ________________ forms of nouns.
Answer:
plural

Question 6.
‘The’ is called the definite ________________ ; ‘a’ and ‘an’ are called ________________ articles.
Answer:
article, indefinite

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

Other Determiners: Apart from a/ an/ the some of the other determiners are a few, many, several, a pair of, a piece of, a lot of etc.

Another type of determiners are Demonstratives namely,
this – these                    that – those

Task 5. Frame sentences using the above determiners.
Answer:
a few: A few friends are coming home for tea. Only a few students were awarded distinctions.
many: There are too many mistakes in this essay. Many of the students are from North India.
several: Our Head Master has written several books about India.
a pair of: My father brought a pair of shoes for me.
a piece of: I eat a piece of plum cake every morning.
a lot of: I get a lot of time to do home work.
this: This is a good horse.
these: These are good horses.
that: That’s a nice hat. Look at that man standing there.
those: Those students who failed in the exam will have to take, it again. Those are my neighbour’s daughters going to school.

E. Writing

Choice of words:

Task 6. Read the following descriptions. Substitute each with an appropriate descriptive word from the ones given in brackets below. One example is given.

(punctual, forgetful, flexible, shy, lazy)

Question 1.
He often promises to do things, but half the time he forgets. (____________)
Answer:
forgetful

Question 2.
She is always here on time, (____________)
Answer:
punctual

Question 3.
I don’t think he has done any work since he has been here. (____________)
Answer:
lazy

Question 4.
She finds it difficult to meet people and talk to strangers. (____________)
Answer:
shy

Question 5.
He can work in any department and it doesn’t matter to him if he is on his own or part of a team. (____________)
Answer:
flexible.

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

Additional Questions with Answers

I. Four alternatives are given below each questions.

Choose the correct one:

Question 1.
Shantiniketan is a school with difference where students learn with great ______________
(a) difficulties
(b) joy
(c) sorrow
(d) interest.
Answer:
(b) joy

Question 2.
Gurudeva named Shantiniketan in his song :
(a) The darling of our mind.
(b) The darling of our home.
(c) The darling of your hearts.
(d) The darling of our hearts.
Answer:
(d) The darling of our hearts.

Question 3.
C. F. Andrews is telling about Ashram to :
(a) Tagore
(b) students
(c) reader
(d) foreigner
Answer:
(c) reader

Question 4.
The First risers in Ashram :
(a) Tagore.
(b) birds.
(c) Choristers.
(d) C.F.Andrews.
Answer:
(c) Choristers.

Question 5.
What brings the sense of joy and reverence and gives peace to the soul.
(a) The sound of choristers song.
(b) Football play.
(c) Singing of birds
(d) sun rising
Answer:
(a) The sound of choristers song.

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

Question 6.
In Shantiniketan, classes are conducted :
(a) in the classroom
(b) under the trees
(c) in the football ground
(d) beside the building.
Answer:
(b) under the trees

Question 7.
Person whose job is making or repairing wooden objects and structures :
(a) blacksmith
(b) carpenter
(c) weaver
(d) draftsman
Answer:
(b) carpenter

Question 8.
Boys of Shantiniketan are famous for:
(a) cricket
(b) football
(c) sports and games
(d) meditation
Answer:
(c) sports and games

Question 9.
Fairy tales are told :
(a) in the morning
(b) in the evening
(c) at night
(d) in the afternoon
Answer:
(c) at night

Question 10.
Words cannot picture to you the beauty of Shantiniketan. The underlined word is :
(a) noun
(b) verb
(c) adjective
(d) adverb
Answer:
(b) verb

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

II. Read the following extracts and answer the questions that follow :

Question 1.
“If I were to describe to you one day in the Ashram with the boys.”
a. Who says these words?
Answer:
C.F. Andrew says these words.

b. To whom is this said?
Answer:
To the readers.

c. What does Ashram refer?
Answer:
Ashram refers to Shantiniketan.

Question 2.
Our own poet and teacher, whom we call Gurudeva, has named it in his song “The darling of our hearts.”
a. Who says these words?
Answer:
C.F. Andrew says these words.

b. Who is Gurudeva?
Answer:
Rabindranath Tagore is called Gurudeva.

c. What does ‘The darling our hearts refer?
Answer:
Shantiniketan refers to ‘darling of our hearts.’

III. Answer the following questions:

Question 1.
Who founded Shantiniketan?
Answer:
Ravindranath Tagore founded Shantiniketan.

Question 2.
Who sings the morning hymn?
Answer:
Choristers sing the morning hymn.

Question 3.
What does each boy do after an interval?
Ans.
Each boy takes his asan, the square of carpet, into the fields and sits down on it to meditate in his own place alone. Later on, the boys all stand together in the shade of trees and sing their hymn.

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

Question 4.
What does the boys learn in the afternoon classes?
Answer:
Boys learn handiwork like spinning, weaving, carpentry, mechanical work, painting and music.

Question 5.
For what are Shantiniketan boys famous?
Ans.
Shantiniketan boys are famous for their sports and games.

Question 6.
At what time Shantinikethan boys go to bed at night?
Answer:
Shantiniketan boys go to bed at nine o’ clock.

Question 7.
What does the writer say about the life of Shantiniketan?
Answer:
Writer says that there can be no question as to the happiness of the life of Ashram • boys. Their faces tell the story of their joy and their freedom. There is not freer life in India than the life of the children of Shantiniketan.

Question 8.
Do you like the life of Shantiniketan?
Answer:
Yes, I like the life of Shantiniketan. Because it provides an opportunity to learn from the work of our own interest and it gives a lot of freedom.

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

IV. Match the following:

1. recitea a. group of singers singing hyms
2. reverence b. pray silently
3. choir c. respect
4. mediate d. big
5. large e. sing
f. small

Answer:
1 – e,
2 – c,
3 – a,
4 – b,
5 – d

V. Write the opposites of

Question 1.
worthy × ______________
Answer:
unworthy

Question 2.
young × ______________
Answer:
old

Question 3.
near × ______________
Answer:
far

Question 4.
happy × ______________
Answer:
sad

Question 5.
joy × ______________
Answer:
sorrow

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

Question 6.
large × ______________
Answer:
small

Question 7.
rich × ______________
Answer:
poor

Question 8.
tall × ______________
Answer:
short

Question 9.
strong × ______________
Answer:
weak

Question 10.
soft × ______________
Answer:
hard

Question 11.
remember × ______________
Answer:
forget

Question 12.
freedom × ______________
Answer:
slavery (or) confinement

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

A Day in the Ashram Lesson Summary in English

C. F. Andrews reveals his experience while he stayed in the Ashram. Shantiniketan which was founded by Rabindranath Tagore. It is a school with a difference, where students learn with great joy.

There are no words to describe the beauty of Shantiniketan. Gurudeva has named ‘ Shantiniketan’ in his song “The darling of Our hearts.” The beauty of the Ashram influences the minds of those people who have visited it.

Boys rise up long before sunrise. The choristers are the first to rise, and they go round the Ashram, singing their morning hymn. The sound of singing varies as the singers move along the ashram. The beauty of the sound in the silent morning air and the sense of joy and reverence which it brings, gives peace to the soul.

After an interval, each boy sits down in the field and meditates. Later, before the school work begins, all the boys stand together in the shade of trees and sing their hymn.

School work goes on upto 10.30.A.M. There are no classrooms. The boys sit with their teachers under the trees and ask questions. Very few books are used. A greater part is carried on through conversation. The boys soon learn to open out all their difficulties to their teacher.

They take a break for bathing and lunch. After the meals, at about two O’clock in the afternoon, the classes begin again. The work is chiefly with the hands as well as with the mind. Handiwork is practiced. Boys are given opportunity to practice according to their own taste. Boys give preference to carpentry, mechanical work, spinning, weaving, drafting, painting and music.

There is very little book work in the afternoon. About four O’clock, boys rush into the field to play football. Shantiniketan boys are famous for their sports and games.

In the evening boys sit down once more to meditate. At night, fairy tales are narrated, short dramas are enacted. Gurudeva’s songs are sung and different school gatherings are held. By nine O’clock all retire to rest. The choristers sing their last evening hymns. Writer says that there is a great happiness in the life of the boys and there is no freer life in India than the life of the children at Shantiniketan.

A Day in the Ashram Lesson Summary in Kannada

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary 1
8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary 2
8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary 3
8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary 4
8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary 5

8th English A Day in the Ashram Lesson Notes Question Answer Summary

A Day in the Ashram Lesson Word Meanings

  • Gurudeva = Rabindranath Tagore recite
  • goves = a group of trees, a small wood
  • choir = a group of singers singing hymns:
  • hymn = a song of praise to God
  • reverence = respect
  • peace = state of quietness
  • soul = the spiritual part of a person believed to exist after death
  • square = having four equal sides and four angles of 90°
  • carpet = mat for covering the floor
  • shade = Shelter from the light
  • few = not many
  • carpentry = carpenter’s work
  • spinning = The art or occupation of spinning cotton, wool etc., into thread
  • weaving = To work at a loom for making cloth
  • draftsman = drafter of documents
  • meditate = dwell in thought, to think deeply, usually in silence
  • fairy tale = story about fairies
  • drama = play
  • recite = sing (a poem or a story) from memory
  • joy = intense gladness
  • Choristers = members who sing in the choir of a church.
  • amloki = a tree, like a mango tree.

 8th Standard English Notes

KSEEB 8th Standard English Notes | 8th Class English Question Answer Guide

Karnataka State Syllabus 8th Std English Notes | 8th Class English Textbook Questions and Answers Guide

8th Standard Second Language English Notes Questions and Answers

8th Standard Second Language English Lessons Notes Question Answer

  1. A Day in the Ashram Lesson Question Answer
  2. Sir C.V. Raman Lesson Question Answer
  3. Jamaican Fragment Lesson Question Answer
  4. The Boy Who Asked for More Lesson Question Answer
  5. The Swan and The Princes Lesson Question Answer
  6. All The World Her Stage Lesson Question Answer
  7. The Emperor’s New Clothes Lesson Question Answer
  8. Luther Burbank Lesson Question Answer

8th Standard Second Language English Poems Notes Question Answer

  1. Beauty Poem Question Answer
  2. The Little Busy Bee Poem Question Answer
  3. No Men are Foreign Poem Question Answer
  4. For a Five Year Old Boy Poem Question Answer
  5. Somebody’s Mother Poem Question Answer
  6. Coromandel Fishers Poem Question Answer
  7. Machine Poem Question Answer
  8. The Axe in the Wood Poem Question Answer

8th Standard Second Language English Supplementary Notes Question Answer

  1. The Story of Dharmavyadha Lesson Question Answer
  2. The Earthquake Lesson Question Answer
  3. Lal Bahadur Shastry Lesson Question Answer
  4. The First Woman in Space Lesson Question Answer

8th Standard First Language English Notes Questions and Answers

  1. The Heavenly Parasol Lesson Question Answer
  2. The Boy Who Sold Wisdom Lesson Question Answer
  3. Before The Match Lesson Question Answer
  4. An Autobiography Lesson Question Answer
  5. A Lesson For Nakul Lesson Question Answer
  6. The Model Millionaire Lesson Question Answer
  7. The Great Sacrifice Lesson Question Answer
  8. The Woman on Platform 8 Lesson Question Answer
  9. Benjamin Jones Goes Swimming Poem Question Answer
  10. Leisure Poem Question Answer
  11. After Apple-picking Poem Question Answer
  12. Palanquin Bearers Poem Question Answer
  13. Modern Machinery Poem Question Answer
  14. Imagination Poem Question Answer
  15. The Bees Poem Question Answer
  16. The Cloud Poem Question Answer
  17. King Sindbad and His Falcon Lesson Question Answer
  18. The Broken Gate Lesson Question Answer
  19. The Miser Lesson Question Answer

KSEEB 8th Class Social Science Question Answer | 8th Standard Social Science Question Answer in English Medium

8th Social Science Question Answer | Karnataka State Syllabus Class 8 Social Science Questions and Answers

8th Standard Social Science Question and Answer History

  1. Sources Questions and Answers
  2. Geographical Features & Pre-Historic India Questions and Answers
  3. Ancient Civilization of India Questions and Answers
  4. Ancient Civilization of the World Questions and Answers
  5. Greek, Roman and American Civilization Questions and Answers
  6. Rise of Jainism and Buddhism Questions and Answers
  7. Mauryas and Kushans Questions and Answers
  8. The Guptas and Vardhanas Questions and Answers
  9. South India — Shatavahanas, Kadambas & Gangas Questions and Answers
  10. The Chalukyas of Badami and the Pallavas of Kanchi Questions and Answers
  11. The Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta & The Chalukya’s of Kalyana Questions and Answers
  12. The Cholas and Hoysalas of Dwarasamudra Questions and Answers

8th Standard Social Science Question Answer in Kannada Political Science

  1. Meaning and Importance of Political Science Questions and Answers
  2. Public Administration Questions and Answers
  3. Human Rights Questions and Answers
  4. Local Government Questions and Answers

8th Class Social Science Question Answer Sociology

  1. Introduction to Sociology Questions and Answers
  2. Culture Questions and Answers
  3. Social Institutions Questions and Answers
  4. Types of Society Questions and Answers

8th Social Science Question Answer Geography

  1. The Earth – Our Living Planet Questions and Answers
  2. Lithosphere Questions and Answers
  3. Atmosphere Questions and Answers
  4. Hydrosphere Questions and Answers
  5. Biosphere Questions and Answers

State Syllabus Class 8 Social Science Questions and Answers Economics

  1. Introduction to Economics Questions and Answers
  2. Meaning and Types of Economics Questions and Answers
  3. National Income and Sectoral Aspects of The Indian Economy Questions and Answers
  4. Government and the Economy Questions and Answers

8th Standard Social Science Question and Answer Business Studies

  1. Components of Business Studies Questions and Answers
  2. Business and Industry Questions and Answers
  3. Forms of Business Organisations Questions and Answers